The purpose of this information is to put forward some ideas to simply help with the teaching of addition.
Combining groups of physical objects: for a lot of students, this really is their most basic connection with adding up. This technique normally involves collecting two sets of objects, then counting exactly how many objects you will find in total. (For example, by building two towers of cubes, and then counting up every single block.) For all, this technique may be too involved, particularly for those students who present attention deficit disorder. If the kid cannot hold their attention for your of the activity, blocks will undoubtedly be put awry, towers find yourself with additional blocks, blocks will get confusing, and by the end, the incorrect answer is arrived at. The length of the procedure means that if your son or daughter doesn’t master the style quickly, they are improbable to produce progress at all. Additionally, it is difficult to increase this method in to a calculation that may be approached mentally: for example, try to assume two large sets of objects in your face, and then count them up. Even for adults, this is nearly impossible.
Simple drawings: jottings really are a more useful alternative to the procedure described above. Write out the addition problem on a sheet of paper, and close to the initial number, write down the appropriate number of tallies (for instance, for the number 4, draw 4 tallies). Ask your student to predict exactly how many tallies you will have to draw by one other number in the problem. If they come to the proper answer, ask them to draw the tallies. In order to complete with, ask exactly how many tallies they have drawn altogether. This technique is a much simpler method of bringing together 2 groups, is less apt to be at the mercy of mechanical error, and is way better worthy of students with poor focus. It also encourages the little one to associate between what the written sum actually says, and why they’re drawing a certain quantity of tallies.
Relying upon: this is a technique based around your student’s capacity to state number names. When your child has reached a level where they understand how to count to five, start asking them questions like, “what number is 1 more than… ” (eg. what employs 2 whenever we count?) This is really equivalent to answering an inclusion problem of the type 2+1, but helps to connect the ideas of counting and addition, that is very powerful. This technique gets your student ready to use number squares and gives them the confidence to answer problems within their mind. The method can be made more challenging, by asking, “what number is 2 more than… ” Whenever your child can confidently respond to such problems out loud, demonstrate to them the question written down, and explain that that is exactly like the issue you had been doing before. This can help the child to see addition and counting as fundamentally related, and this new problem is actually something they’ve met before.
Playing board games: this activity could be both a mathematical learning experience in addition to a pleasant pastime. Games that require a table to be moved around a board do a lot to encourage children to count on. If the board has numbers on it, the kid is able to see that the action is similar to counting out numbers aloud, or utilizing a number line. Produce a point of remembering to draw awareness of the partnership between using games and addition.
Learning number facts: usually, we rely on number facts learnt by heart to simply help us answer addition problems. The bottom line is, we do not have to determine the solution to 7 and 10, we simply remember it. Having the ability to recall addition facts we can tackle simple maths tasks confidently. Boost your student’s understanding of known number bonds by singing nursery songs that tell stories of number. Take part in the overall game of matching pairs with the student, where the idea of the overall game is identify the precise location of the question (for instance, 7+8) and the corresponding answer from a set of cards all turned face down. Create a couple of flashcards with simple addition facts written to them, look at the cards one at a time, and ask the student for the clear answer, giving a good deal of applause when they offer the proper answer. When they’re confident, expand the amount of facts. Games will prevent your son or daughter perceiving addition as dull, and will build confidence.
Addition printables and worksheets: Practise makes perfect – and the best design of practice also lends more confidence. By utilizing simple worksheets, aimed towards your student’s ability and attention span, you can significantly boost your child’s ability with addition, both orally and written down. There are lots of free sites offering worksheets that help with the teaching of adding up, but it does matter what adding up worksheets you use. Ensure that the worksheets are targeted at the best level, being neither too difficult nor too easy, and are of the right length to maintain the student’s interest. You need to be attempting to provide questions that foster their recollection of number facts, plus a scattering of sums involving some calculation. On the occasions that the student is successful, use the opportunity to give them lots of praise; when they make a mistake, don’t appear frustrated, but briefly explain their mistake. Using adding up worksheets in a considered way can really raise your student’s ability.
My children will always be digitally active, and as I look back over the years, one of the greatest choices I made was to exhibit my children from the beginning the dangers of over-sharing. I remember when my daughter asked me for Instagram and after it passed the app test. (it was NOT a cultural site back then, but we might discuss that in a different article) Before I let her run wild with it, taking and posting photos to the internet for all the world to see, I did a few things and made a brief training lesson for her. This is what Used to do and why.
The very first thing I did was to truly have a conversation with her about WHY she wanted it. At the time it absolutely was merely a repository for photos. You might make an account, choose who’d access to your account and then upload photos to the account. People who were allowed access could browse your photos, maybe comment on them. It had been an easier time. Anyways, during this conversation, she relayed if you ask me several well thought-out, valid explanations why a wholesome happy teen girl might want to share photos, and so we proceeded to discuss what was appropriate to share. Now most of us obviously know what comes to mind first when someone mentions a teen girl posting photos on the Internet, and frankly, I haven’t had an issue with her being provocative or scandalous, so although our conversation hit that topic, it didn’t stop there or even focus there. What we discussed during our talk was the information of the information contained in and with the photo, i.e., the metadata. She was required to show location information off on the photos she posted to ensure that no one could track her or map her from the GPS data that’s attached to many smartphone photos.
Before we continue with the lesson I had with my daughter, I wish to take the time and explain WHY it is very important to show location services off for the camera app or remove location data from photos before children post them. (I do NOT recommend turning all location services off on your child’s device as they are very handy for other things like locating your child, or finding a device they lost… but that will be covered in future articles… )
Every photo that’s taken by each device containing both a camera and a GPS attach location data to the photo. Most photo library programs, like Photos for Mac, Adobe Lightroom, and Google Photos have an easy toggle feature to turn off location data in the photos. Also, since I’d this chat with my girl, many services and apps including Instagram, Facebook and Twitter have changed their product to automatically strip out location data if you don’t upload to a certain mapping feature in the service (in Instagram that is’Photo Map’). The danger with GPS tagging children’s photos is that it causes it to be super easy proper who wants to, and has usage of those photos to build a map of the area the youngsters are generally in. It can quickly show patterns of travel, behavior, and even with a small amount of work, provide a reasonably accurate map of a school, or home, including layouts of rooms and furniture. If you think for a minute what a significantly less than reputable person could do with such data, say as an example a place of the trail your youngster walks home, a place of the inside of your property including obstacles, security and family unit members, and pets. Add compared to that data the relative times that the child is in each of the locations and it becomes a severe security risk for folks and a genuine danger to children. I am not an expert with this subject, and I am not paranoid, but it was a big enough concern for me personally that I discussed it with my children and took some simple steps, like educating my kids to the potential issue and helping them sanitize the connected data on their photos. If you’d like more details regarding this topic, just Google’Children location data photos’and click a few of the more reputable sites. It has been well included in many news organizations like ABC News, the New York Times and the Washington Post. They did a much better and more thorough job dissecting it than I could so I will leave it at that. Back again to the lesson.
After we’d arrived at an awareness with location data and the dangers of it, and she was considering more than a duck-face or her makeup in the photo, we proceeded to step two.
We discussed what data was in the foreground and background and was it safe to share. Because of this the main lesson, I took my smart-phone and over the course of a couple of days staged many photos, some completely sanitized for the net and some that had hidden data in the photo. I made a quiz for her (which she thought was stupid..) and she took it, identifying which photos were safe to create and that have been not. A number of the photos that I staged were shots of flower arrangements on the table or counter, but with prescription bottles from the household pet in the background behind the subject. Some were photos of games or children playing, but with other uninvolved people reflected in mirrors or other surfaces innocuously in the edges of the shot. I took candid photos of members of the family that have been completely harmless, however, many that have been significantly less than flattering or embarrassing. I shot cityscapes that contained candid photos of strangers. One was an image of a beautifully plated meal, but with a bag showing our mailing address off on the side. I included photos of our home from an angle that you may begin to see the address in the backdrop, images of her brothers but using their school in the background, photos that included her mother’s license plate barely visible at the side of the photo. Anything I really could think of that would be used to track, locate, stalk or otherwise make certainly one of us or somebody else feel violated, uncomfortable or self-conscious. I mixed these in with similar photos which were completely sanitary. After I’d amassed a volume of photos, I assembled only a little slideshow with a corresponding quiz book to ensure that she could answer questions and make comments on each photo if it were acceptable, if not, why and any thoughts she had regarding them. When she took the quiz, I was amazed at how near to my thinking on each item she already was. I was expecting her being an impetuous tween girl to just post pictures without thinking about any content or any consequences, but even before I explained my thinking and rules to her, she had been way ahead of where I believed she would be. There were some items that she missed, some things she hadn’t thought of, however for probably the most part, she would have been quite fine without my help. This really is one place where as a father, I often expect my children to be helpless and completely ill equipped. Maybe I don’t trust them around I ought to, or possibly I still see them as helpless little toddlers, but I should more frequently understand that I did a great job preparing them for life and they’re very smart in their particular right. I often have to remind myself that the explanation for all this care and thoughtful training is so they are prepared to deal with life on their own… I digress… After she had finished with the slides and worksheet, we went over them one by one. I made a place of not being negative, not beating her up over those she missed. Instead, I made those the kick off point of the conversation, focusing on WHY they were not approved, how there have been elements inside them that seemed innocuous and how those ideas made the photo seem safe to post, but what was present that made in questionable. Two great and considerations came from this. First, I seen that she was already paying very close focus on the facts and that gave me plenty of faith and confidence to let her have the app and be free on earth with it. Second, it showed her precisely what our expectations were so that she could quicker meet them.
This brings me to a side topic that I will not stray too much onto but needs mentioning. In raising my children, more regularly than not, once they take action I don’t approve of, it’s just as much a failure of mine to properly convey my expectations as it is them trying to’get away with something.’ A lot of the stress factors between us and our youngsters may be attributed as frequently to bad communication as to bad behavior. More times than not my children are trying around I’m to help keep life easy and happy. For the most part, they want to please us and make us happy. They thrive on praise and wilt when criticized. With this specific in mind, back once again to the lesson…
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When she and I sat down and discussed the ideas of safety and privacy, of respecting ourselves and the folks around us in a positive way it absolutely was very simple to agree on some use standards and to see that people both wanted exactly the same things. I was reassured that she would have been a responsible Instagram citizen and she was more alert to some possible dangers she had previously not looked at and was reminded of best privacy and security practices on the public internet. Now what should go next is “and most of us Instagrammed happily ever after..” This is simply not the case. While we did have a happy continuing, (we still use Instagram, so we aren’t to the end yet) there clearly was something I hadn’t thought of that quickly arrived to play.
As a parent, we can only react to the stimuli available to us during the time of the response. We are able to anticipate several things, but in the world of the internet, of computers and devices and an ever changing landscape of social interaction via the web, we never know what will be next. In the case of Instagram, only some weeks after our lesson and my approval of her use, Instagram made what I think about a core change. They became a complete social platform, with friends, and likes and invites and comments and a complete world of interaction that frankly scared the heck out of me. That is where I learned my hardest lesson of the app store. Once you allow an app, you have NO WAY to take it back away. Keep this in mind moving forward. I touched with this back an early on article when I mentioned allowing apps for starters child on the household share. While allowing these apps is solely at your discretion, taking them back away is extremely hard, I will dive deeper into this in a later article.
I am mentioning this for just two reasons. First, I am NOT perfect. I am writing all this down in the event some of it will help or inspires you, not to exhibit you an ideal plan. There is no perfect plan. I walked down this path with deep thought, conviction, education, and research, and I walked directly into this wall. So will you, hopefully not this one, hopefully, I’ve helped you avoid this 1, but there would have been a wall, somewhere, and you will bang your nose when you walk straight into it. Second, I learned through this that everything could be OK. I was back-doored by a software and my thoughtful prized parenting was thrown available and the planet didn’t end. My daughter is really a champ. I taught her well and she was equipped and prepared. Even in a different environment than I approved and prepared her for, she was a pro. Did she have difficulties with things online? Yes, she did. Made it happen ruin it on her or damage her? Not at all. When she had an overly amorous follower, she handled it. At one point she even canceled her account and started another one to ensure that she would have a do-over and have more control of the people she interacted with. Because I have been upfront about my concern and her safety, and I had been positive and not condemning, she was upfront with me and never hesitated to discuss options, ask questions and get my input when she did feel like she needed it. In a nutshell, because I trained her to be and then encouraged her to be, she is now a trustworthy and responsible citizen of the internet.
We have read about, learned about, and applied emotional intelligence in many different ways since Daniel Goleman first popularized it in 1995.
Wikipedia defines emotional intelligence as: “the ability of people to acknowledge their particular and other people’s emotions, discern between different feelings and label them appropriately, use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior, and manage and/or adjust emotions to conform to environments or achieve one’s goals.”
Regardless of the model (and there are several), when we think of emotional intelligence we view it as a positive mixture of skills and characteristics.
But imagine if “the capability of people to recognize… other people’s emotions” can also have negative consequences?
Theresa Edwards, in an article titled: Empathy vs. Sympathy: What’s the Difference explains that “to empathize with someone would be to assume their feelings upon yourself and allow you to ultimately feel what they feel.”
In the informal experiment I’m going to explain, you might find that empathy got in the way of the participants’success.
Partly one of many experiment, Luma Al Halah showed a quick video of a man who ultimately ends up sobbing. She then gave the participants a worksheet that had the numbers 1 through 20 placed randomly on the page. They received one minute to obtain the numbers in order and complete the worksheet.
Partly two of the experiment, Luma showed a short video with a person who had been hysterically funny. She gave exactly the same assignment that she’d given simply one. The participants had to perform a different worksheet with the numbers 1 through 20 placed randomly on the page. Again, they were given one minute to obtain the numbers in order.
Without a sense of empathy with the sobbing man, there would have been no difference in the success rates of the participants in both elements of the experiment.
However, there was a marked difference in the participants’ability to perform the worksheets. After watching the sad video, the participants had a much harder time placing the numbers in order- so much to ensure that many of them were unable to complete their worksheets in the time allowed.
After watching the funny video, the participants had a much easier time placing the numbers in order- and many of them could complete their worksheets in enough time allowed.
The participants’empathy for the sobbing man left them with sad feelings. The results of the experiment showed that individuals find tasks much harder to do when we are sad.
This doesn’t mean that empathy is bad and should be avoided. This experiment simply illustrates that emotions, whether happy or sad, really can affect our performance (or situational intelligence).