The purpose of this informative article is to put forward some ideas to help with the teaching of addition.
Combining sets of physical objects: for several students, this really is their most basic experience of adding up. This technique normally involves collecting two sets of objects, then counting how many objects there are in total. (For example, by building two towers of cubes, and then counting up each block.) For most, this approach may be too involved, particularly for those students who present attention deficit disorder. If the child cannot hold their attention for the whole of the experience, blocks will undoubtedly be put awry, towers can become with additional blocks, blocks are certain to get mixed up, and at the conclusion, the incorrect answer is arrived at. The size of the procedure means when your youngster does not master the concept quickly, they’re not likely to produce progress at all. Furthermore, it is difficult to increase this process into a calculation which can be approached mentally: for instance, try to assume two large sets of objects in your face, and then count them all up. Even for adults, this is nearly impossible.
Simple drawings: jottings really are a more useful alternative to the procedure described above. Write out the addition problem on a sheet of paper, and close to the first number, write down the appropriate quantity of tallies (for instance, for the quantity 4, draw 4 tallies). Ask your student to predict just how many tallies you should draw by another number in the problem. If they arrived at the proper answer, ask them to draw the tallies. To complete with, ask exactly how many tallies they have drawn altogether. This method is a much simpler way of bringing together 2 groups, is less apt to be susceptible to mechanical error, and is much better suited to students with poor focus. Additionally it encourages the kid to associate between what the written sum actually says, and why they are drawing a particular number of tallies.
Relying on: this can be a technique based around your student’s capacity to state number names. Whenever your child has reached a level where they understand how to count to five, start asking them questions like, “what number is 1 more than… ” (eg. what employs 2 once we count?) This is actually comparable to answering a supplement problem of the sort 2+1, but helps to get in touch the ideas of counting and addition, which is very powerful. This technique gets your student ready to utilize number squares and gives them the confidence to answer problems inside their mind. The method may also be made harder, by asking, “what number is 2 more than… ” As soon as your child can confidently answer such problems aloud, demonstrate to them the question written down, and explain that this really is the same as the problem you had been doing before. This will help the kid to see addition and counting as fundamentally related, and this new problem is actually something they have met before.
Playing games: this activity may be both a mathematical learning experience along with a nice pastime. Games that need a counter to be moved around a table do a great deal to encourage children to count on. If the board has numbers onto it, the little one has the capacity to observe that the action resembles counting out numbers aloud, or utilizing a number line. Produce a point of remembering to draw focus on the connection between using board games and addition.
Learning number facts: usually, we count on number facts learnt by heart to greatly help us answer addition problems. In summary, we do not need to figure out the answer to 7 and 10, we simply remember it. Having the ability to recall addition facts permits us to tackle simple maths tasks confidently. Improve your student’s knowledge of known number bonds by singing nursery songs that tell stories of number. Take part in the overall game of matching pairs with the student, where the purpose of the overall game is identify the location of the question (for instance, 7+8) and the corresponding answer from a set of cards all turned face down. Create a couple of flashcards with simple addition facts written in it, go through the cards one at the same time, and ask the student for the clear answer, giving a good deal of applause when they give the right answer. When they’re confident, expand how many facts. Games will prevent your youngster perceiving addition as dull, and will build confidence.
Addition printables and worksheets: Practise makes perfect – and the best type of practice also lends more confidence. By utilizing simple worksheets, aimed towards your student’s ability and attention span, you can significantly enhance your child’s ability with addition, both orally and written down. There are lots of free internet sites that offer worksheets that help with the teaching of adding up, but it will matter what adding up worksheets you use. Ensure that the worksheets are directed at the proper level, being neither too hard nor too easy, and are of the right length to steadfastly keep up the student’s interest. You should be attempting to present questions that foster their recollection of number facts, plus a scattering of sums involving some calculation. On the occasions that the student is successful, use the opportunity to give them a lot of praise; when they produce a mistake, don’t appear frustrated, but briefly explain their mistake. Using adding up worksheets in a considered way can really raise your student’s ability.
My children have been digitally active, and as I look back over the years, one of the finest choices I made was to show my children from the beginning the dangers of over-sharing. I remember when my daughter asked me for Instagram and after it passed the app test. (it was NOT a social site in those days, but we might discuss that in an alternative article) Before I let her run wild with it, taking and posting photos to the web for all your world to see, I did a couple of things and made a quick training lesson for her. Here is what I did so and why.
First thing Used to do was to really have a conversation with her about WHY she wanted it. At the time it had been just a repository for photos. You could make an account, choose who’d access to your account and then upload photos to the account. People who have been allowed access could browse your photos, maybe touch upon them. It had been a simpler time. Anyways, during this conversation, she relayed if you ask me several well thought-out, valid reasoned explanations why a healthy happy teen girl may want to share photos, and so we proceeded to talk about the thing that was appropriate to share. Now we all obviously know what comes in your thoughts first when someone mentions a teenager girl posting photos on the Internet, and frankly, I have never had a concern with her being provocative or scandalous, so although our conversation hit that topic, it didn’t stop there or even focus there. What we discussed during our talk was the information of the info contained in and with the photo, i.e., the metadata. She was required to show location information off on the photos she posted in order that no you can track her or map her from the GPS data that’s attached to most smartphone photos.
Before we continue with the lesson I’d with my daughter, I do want to take a moment and explain WHY it is very important to turn location services off for the camera app or remove location data from photos before children post them. (I do NOT recommend turning all location services off on your own child’s device as they are very handy for other things such as locating your son or daughter, or getting a device they lost… but that will be covered in future articles… )
Every photo that is taken by each device containing both a camera and a GPS attach location data to the photo. Most photo library programs, like Photos for Mac, Adobe Lightroom, and Google Photos have a straightforward toggle feature to switch off location data in the photos. Also, since I’d this chat with my girl, many services and apps including Instagram, Facebook and Twitter have changed their product to automatically strip out location data unless you upload to a particular mapping feature in the service (in Instagram that’s’Photo Map’). The danger with GPS tagging children’s photos is that it causes it to be very easy for anybody who would like to, and has use of those photos to build a place of the region the children are generally in. It can simply show patterns of travel, behavior, and even with a small amount of work, provide a fairly accurate map of a school, or home, including layouts of rooms and furniture. If you believe for a minute what a less than reputable person could do with such data, say as an example a place of the path your child walks home, a map of the interior of your house including obstacles, security and household members, and pets. Add compared to that data the relative times that the child is in each of the locations and it becomes a serious security risk for folks and a real danger to children. I am no expert with this subject, and I’m not paranoid, but it was a large enough concern for me that I discussed it with my children and took some simple steps, like educating my kids to the potential issue and helping them sanitize the connected data on their photos. If you would like more info regarding this topic, just Google’Children location data photos’and click on a number of the more reputable sites. It has been well included in many news organizations like ABC News, the New York Times and the Washington Post. They did a better and more thorough job dissecting it than I could so I’ll leave it at that. Back once again to the lesson.
After we’d arrived at a knowledge with location data and the dangers of it, and she was considering higher than a duck-face or her makeup in the photo, we proceeded to step two.
We talked about what data was in the foreground and background and was it safe to share. With this part of the lesson, I took my smart-phone and over the length of several days staged many photos, some completely sanitized for the net and some that had hidden data in the photo. I made a quiz on her behalf (which she thought was stupid..) and she took it, identifying which photos were safe to publish and which were not. A number of the photos that I staged were shots of flower arrangements up for grabs or counter, but with prescription bottles from the family pet in the backdrop behind the subject. Some were photos of games or children playing, but with other uninvolved people reflected in mirrors and other surfaces innocuously in the edges of the shot. I took candid photos of members of the family that were completely harmless, but some which were less than flattering or embarrassing. I shot cityscapes that contained candid photos of strangers. One was a photograph of a beautifully plated meal, but with a package showing our mailing address off on the side. I included photos of our home from an angle that you may see the address in the backdrop, images of her brothers but making use of their school in the background, photos that included her mother’s license plate barely visible at the side of the photo. Anything I really could consider that may be used to track, locate, stalk or else make certainly one of us or somebody else feel violated, uncomfortable or self-conscious. I mixed these in with similar photos which were completely sanitary. After I had amassed a volume of photos, I put together a little slideshow with a corresponding quiz book so that she could answer questions and make comments on each photo if it were acceptable, if not, why and any thoughts she had regarding them. When she took the quiz, I was amazed at how near my thinking on each item she already was. I was expecting her as an impetuous tween girl to just post pictures without contemplating any content or any consequences, but even before I explained my thinking and rules to her, she had been way ahead of where I believed she would be. There have been some items that she missed, some things she hadn’t thought of, but for the absolute most part, she would have been quite fine without my help. This is one place where as a father, I often expect my children to be helpless and completely ill equipped. Maybe I don’t trust them as much as I should, or maybe I still see them as helpless little toddlers, but I would more frequently know that I have inked a great job preparing them forever and they’re very smart in their own right. I often need to remind myself that the explanation for all this care and thoughtful training is so that they are prepared to handle life on the own… I digress… After she’d finished with the slides and worksheet, we went over them one by one. I made a spot of not being negative, not beating her up over the people she missed. Instead, I made those the starting place of the conversation, focusing on WHY they certainly were not approved, how there have been elements in them that seemed innocuous and how those activities made the photo seem safe to post, but what was present that made in questionable. Two great and important things originated in this. First, I realized that she had been paying very close awareness of the facts and that gave me plenty of faith and confidence to let her have the app and be free on earth with it. Second, it showed her precisely what our expectations were in order that she could more easily meet them.
This brings me to a part topic that I will not stray past an acceptable limit onto but needs mentioning. In raising my children, more frequently than not, if they take action I don’t approve of, it is as much a failure of mine to properly convey my expectations because it is them wanting to’escape with something.’ All the stress factors between us and our children can be attributed as frequently to bad communication concerning bad behavior. More times than not my students are trying around I am to keep life easy and happy. For probably the most part, they want to please us and make us happy. They thrive on praise and wilt when criticized. With this at heart, back once again to the lesson…
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When she and I sat down and discussed the ideas of safety and privacy, of respecting ourselves and the people around us in a confident way it was very easy to acknowledge some use standards and to see that individuals both wanted the same things. I was reassured that she would be a responsible Instagram citizen and she was more alert to some possible dangers she had previously not thought of and was reminded of best privacy and security practices on people internet. Now what should go next is “and all of us Instagrammed happily ever after..” This isn’t the case. While we did have a pleased continuing, (we still use Instagram, so we aren’t to the conclusion yet) there clearly was something I hadn’t looked at that quickly arrived to play.
As a parent, we are able to only answer the stimuli available to us at the time of the response. We could anticipate a lot of things, but on the planet of the net, of computers and devices and an ever changing landscape of social interaction via the web, we never know what’ll be next. In the event of Instagram, just a few weeks after our lesson and my approval of her use, Instagram made what I think about a core change. They became a full social platform, with friends, and likes and invites and comments and a whole world of interaction that frankly scared the heck out of me. This really is where I learned my hardest lesson of the app store. After you allow an app, you have NO WAY to bring it back away. Keep this at heart moving forward. I touched with this back an earlier article when I mentioned allowing apps for starters child on the family share. While allowing these apps is solely at your discretion, taking them back away is extremely hard, I will dive deeper into this in a later article.
I am mentioning this for 2 reasons. First, I am NOT perfect. I’m writing all of this down in the event a few of it helps or inspires you, not to exhibit you a perfect plan. There’s no perfect plan. I walked down this path with deep thought, conviction, education, and research, and I walked right into this wall. So will you, hopefully not that one, hopefully, I have helped you avoid this one, but there would have been a wall, somewhere, and you will bang your nose once you walk straight into it. Second, I learned through this that everything will be OK. I was back-doored by an application and my thoughtful prized parenting was thrown wide open and the world didn’t end. My daughter is a champ. I taught her well and she was equipped and prepared. Even in a different environment than I approved and prepared her for, she was a pro. Did she have issues with things online? Yes, she did. Achieved it ruin it on her behalf or damage her? Not at all. When she’d an overly amorous follower, she managed it. At one time she even canceled her account and started another one so that she may have a do-over and have significantly more control of individuals she interacted with. Because I had been upfront about my concern and her safety, and I have been positive and not condemning, she was upfront with me and never hesitated to go over options, ask questions and get my input when she did feel like she needed it. In summary, because I trained her to be and then encouraged her to be, she is becoming a trustworthy and responsible citizen of the internet.
We’ve find out about, discovered, and applied emotional intelligence in a variety of ways since Daniel Goleman first popularized it in 1995.
Wikipedia defines emotional intelligence as: “the ability of individuals to identify their very own and other people’s emotions, discern between different feelings and label them appropriately, use emotional information to steer thinking and behavior, and manage and/or adjust emotions to adapt to environments or achieve one’s goals.”
Regardless of model (and there are several), when we consider emotional intelligence we see it as a confident combination of skills and characteristics.
But imagine if “the capacity of people to recognize… other people’s emotions” can also have negative consequences?
Theresa Edwards, in an article titled: Empathy vs. Sympathy: What’s the Difference explains that “to empathize with someone is to assume their feelings upon yourself and allow yourself to feel what they feel.”
In the informal experiment I’m going to describe, you will dsicover that empathy got in how of the participants’success.
Simply one of many experiment, Luma Al Halah showed a quick video of a person who eventually ends up sobbing. She then gave the participants a worksheet that had the numbers 1 through 20 placed randomly on the page. They got 1 minute to get the numbers so as and complete the worksheet.
Simply two of the experiment, Luma showed a short video with a person who was hysterically funny. She gave the exact same assignment that she’d given partly one. The participants had to complete an alternative worksheet with the numbers 1 through 20 placed randomly on the page. Again, they got one minute to obtain the numbers in order.
With out a sense of empathy with the sobbing man, there could have been no difference in the success rates of the participants in both elements of the experiment.
However, there was a marked difference in the participants’ability to complete the worksheets. After watching the sad video, the participants had a much harder time placing the numbers in order- so much in order that most of them were not able to perform their worksheets in the full time allowed.
After watching the funny video, the participants had an easier time placing the numbers in order- and most of them were able to complete their worksheets in the time allowed.
The participants’empathy for the sobbing man left them with sad feelings. The outcome of the experiment showed that people find tasks much harder to complete when we are sad.
This does not mean that empathy is bad and ought to be avoided. This experiment simply illustrates that emotions, whether happy or sad, really can affect our performance (or situational intelligence).