The objective of this short article is to place forward some ideas to help with the teaching of addition.
Combining categories of physical objects: for many students, this is their simplest experience of adding up. This process normally involves collecting two sets of objects, then counting how many objects you can find in total. (For example, by building two towers of cubes, and then counting up every single block.) For all, this technique could be too involved, particularly for anyone students who present attention deficit disorder. If the little one cannot hold their attention for the whole of the game, blocks is going to be put awry, towers can become with additional blocks, blocks will get confusing, and at the end, the incorrect answer is arrived at. The length of the procedure means that if your child does not master the idea quickly, they are unlikely to produce progress at all. Furthermore, it is difficult to give this technique into a calculation that may be approached mentally: as an example, try to imagine two large sets of objects in your mind, and then count them up. Even for adults, this is nearly impossible.
Simple drawings: jottings are a more useful alternative to the method described above. Write out the addition problem on a sheet of paper, and next to the first number, make note of the right quantity of tallies (for instance, for the quantity 4, draw 4 tallies). Ask your student to predict just how many tallies you will have to draw by the other number in the problem. Once they arrived at the proper answer, question them to draw the tallies. In order to complete with, ask how many tallies they’ve drawn altogether. This approach is a much easier way of bringing together 2 groups, is less probably be subject to mechanical error, and is much better suited to students with poor focus. Additionally it encourages the little one to associate between what the written sum actually says, and why they are drawing a specific amount of tallies.
Relying on: this is a technique based around your student’s capacity to state number names. As soon as your child has reached a level where they know how to count to five, start asking them questions like, “what number is 1 more than… ” (eg. what employs 2 whenever we count?) This is actually comparable to answering a supplement problem of the kind 2+1, but helps to connect the ideas of counting and addition, that will be very powerful. This technique gets your student ready to utilize number squares and gives them the confidence to answer problems in their mind. The technique can also be made harder, by asking, “what number is 2 more than… ” When your child can confidently respond to such problems aloud, show them the question written down, and explain that that is exactly like the problem you had been doing before. This may help the kid to see addition and counting as fundamentally related, and this new problem is really something they have met before.
Playing board games: this activity can be both a mathematical learning experience in addition to a pleasing pastime. Games that want a table to be moved around a board do too much to encourage children to count on. If the board has numbers onto it, the kid has the capacity to observe that the action is similar to counting out numbers aloud, or utilizing a number line. Produce a point of remembering to draw focus on the relationship between using games and addition.
Learning number facts: usually, we depend on number facts learnt by heart to help us answer addition problems. In a nutshell, we do not have to determine the clear answer to 7 and 10, we simply remember it. Having the ability to recall addition facts we can tackle simple maths tasks confidently. Improve your student’s understanding of known number bonds by singing nursery songs that tell stories of number. Take part in the game of matching pairs with the student, where the purpose of the overall game is identify the precise location of the question (for instance, 7+8) and the corresponding answer from a set of cards all turned face down. Create a couple of flashcards with simple addition facts written to them, look at the cards one at any given time, and ask the student for the solution, giving much of applause when they offer the right answer. When they are confident, expand the number of facts. Games will prevent your child perceiving addition as dull, and will build confidence.
Addition printables and worksheets: Practise makes perfect – and the proper style of practice also lends more confidence. By utilizing simple worksheets, aimed towards your student’s ability and attention span, you are able to significantly boost your child’s ability with addition, both orally and written down. There are lots of free internet sites that provide worksheets that help with the teaching of adding up, but it does matter what adding up worksheets you use. Make certain that the worksheets are directed at the proper level, being neither too hard nor too easy, and are of the proper length to steadfastly keep up the student’s interest. You need to be attempting presenting questions that foster their recollection of number facts, plus a scattering of sums involving some calculation. On the occasions that the student is successful, use the opportunity to offer them lots of praise; when they produce a mistake, do not appear frustrated, but briefly explain their mistake. Using adding up worksheets in a considered way can definitely raise your student’s ability.
My children have always been digitally active, and as I look back over the years, one of the greatest choices I made was showing my children from the beginning the dangers of over-sharing. I remember when my daughter asked me for Instagram and after it passed the app test. (it was NOT a cultural site in those days, but we might discuss that in a different article) Before I let her run wild with it, taking and posting photos to the internet for all your world to see, I did so a few things and made a quick training lesson for her. Here’s what I did so and why.
The very first thing Used to do was to truly have a conversation with her about WHY she wanted it. During the time it was just a repository for photos. You could make an account, choose who had use of your account and then upload photos to the account. People have been allowed access could browse your photos, maybe touch upon them. It was a simpler time. Anyways, during this conversation, she relayed in my experience several well thought-out, valid explanations why a healthy happy teen girl may want to share photos, and so we proceeded to go over that which was appropriate to share. Now all of us obviously know what comes to mind first when someone mentions a young adult girl posting photos on the Internet, and frankly, I haven’t had a concern with her being provocative or scandalous, so although our conversation hit that topic, it didn’t stop there as well as focus there. What we discussed during our talk was this content of the information contained in and with the photo, i.e., the metadata. She was required to show location information off on the photos she posted to ensure that no you could track her or map her from the GPS data that is attached to most smartphone photos.
Before we continue with the lesson I had with my daughter, I wish to take the time and explain WHY it is important to turn location services off for the camera app or remove location data from photos before children post them. (I do NOT recommend turning all location services off on your child’s device because they are very handy for other things like locating your child, or finding a device they lost… but that’ll be covered in future articles… )
Every photo that’s taken by each device containing both a camera and a GPS attach location data to the photo. Most photo library programs, like Photos for Mac, Adobe Lightroom, and Google Photos have a straightforward toggle feature to switch off location data in the photos. Also, since I’d this chat with my girl, many services and apps including Instagram, Facebook and Twitter have changed their product to automatically strip out location data until you upload to a specific mapping feature in the service (in Instagram that is’Photo Map’). The danger with GPS tagging children’s photos is that it causes it to be super easy for anyone who wants to, and has use of those photos to construct a chart of the region the kids tend to be in. It can certainly show patterns of travel, behavior, and even with a small amount of work, provide a fairly accurate map of a school, or home, including layouts of rooms and furniture. If you think for a minute what a less than reputable person could do with such data, say for example a chart of the trail your son or daughter walks home, a chart of the within of your property including obstacles, security and family unit members, and pets. Add to that particular data the relative times that the child is in each of the locations and it becomes a serious security risk for parents and a real danger to children. I’m not an expert on this subject, and I’m not paranoid, but it absolutely was a huge enough concern for me personally that I discussed it with my children and took some simple steps, like educating my kids to the potential issue and helping them sanitize the connected data on their photos. If you want more details regarding this topic, just Google’Children location data photos’and select some of the more reputable sites. It has been well included in many news organizations like ABC News, the New York Times and the Washington Post. They did a much better and more thorough job dissecting it than I can so I’ll leave it at that. Back once again to the lesson.
After we had arrive at an understanding with location data and the dangers of it, and she was thinking about greater than a duck-face or her makeup in the photo, we proceeded to step two.
We talked about what data was in the foreground and background and was it safe to share. Because of this the main lesson, I took my smart-phone and over the course of several days staged many photos, some completely sanitized for the internet and some that had hidden data in the photo. I made a quiz on her behalf (which she thought was stupid..) and she took it, identifying which photos were safe to publish and which were not. A number of the photos that I staged were shots of flower arrangements up for grabs or counter, but with prescription bottles from the family pet in the backdrop behind the subject. Some were photos of games or children playing, but with other uninvolved people reflected in mirrors or other surfaces innocuously in the edges of the shot. I took candid photos of members of the family that have been completely harmless, but some which were significantly less than flattering or embarrassing. I shot cityscapes that contained candid photos of strangers. One was a photo of a beautifully plated meal, but with a bag showing our mailing address off on the side. I included photos of our home from an angle that you could begin to see the address in the back ground, images of her brothers but with their school in the background, photos that included her mother’s license plate barely visible at the side of the photo. Anything I could consider that would be used to track, locate, stalk or else make among us or someone else feel violated, uncomfortable or self-conscious. I mixed these in with similar photos that were completely sanitary. After I had amassed a level of photos, I put together a little slideshow with a corresponding quiz book to ensure that she could answer questions and make comments on each photo when it were acceptable, or even, why and any thoughts she’d regarding them. When she took the quiz, I was amazed at how close to my thinking on each item she already was. I was expecting her as an impetuous tween girl to just post pictures without contemplating any content or any consequences, but even before I explained my thinking and rules to her, she was already way before where I thought she’d be. There have been some items that she missed, some things she hadn’t thought of, but for the most part, she could have been quite fine without my help. This is one place where as a father, I often expect my children to be helpless and completely ill equipped. Maybe I don’t trust them around I would, or even I still see them as helpless little toddlers, but I will more frequently understand that I did a good job preparing them forever and they’re very smart in their particular right. I often have to remind myself that the reason for all of this care and thoughtful training is in order that they are prepared to handle life on the own… I digress… After she had finished with the slides and worksheet, we went over them one by one. I made a point of not being negative, not beating her up over the ones she missed. Instead, I made those the starting place of the conversation, concentrating on WHY they certainly were not approved, how there have been elements inside them that seemed innocuous and how those activities made the photo seem safe to post, but the thing that was present that produced in questionable. Two great and considerations came from this. First, I realized that she was already paying very close attention to the details and that gave me lots of faith and confidence to let her have the app and be free in the world with it. Second, it showed her exactly what our expectations were in order that she could more easily meet them.
This brings me to a side topic that I will not stray too far onto but needs mentioning. In raising my children, more regularly than not, when they do something I don’t approve of, it is just as much a failure of mine to properly convey my expectations as it is them trying to’break free with something.’ A lot of the stress factors between us and our youngsters can be attributed as often to bad communication regarding bad behavior. More times than not my students are trying as much as I’m to keep life easy and happy. For the absolute most part, they wish to please us and make us happy. They thrive on praise and wilt when criticized. With this at heart, back to the lesson…
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When she and I sat down and discussed the ideas of safety and privacy, of respecting ourselves and the folks around us in an optimistic way it was very easy to agree on some use standards and to see that we both wanted the exact same things. I was reassured that she will be a responsible Instagram citizen and she was more aware of some possible dangers she had previously not considered and was reminded of best privacy and security practices on people internet. Now what is going next is “and most of us Instagrammed happily ever after..” This is not the case. While we did have a pleased continuing, (we still use Instagram, so we aren’t to the conclusion yet) there was something I hadn’t looked at that quickly arrived to play.
As a parent, we are able to only answer the stimuli available to us at the time of the response. We can anticipate many things, but on the planet of the internet, of computers and devices and an ever changing landscape of social interaction via the web, we never know what’ll be next. In case of Instagram, just a few weeks after our lesson and my approval of her use, Instagram made what I look at a core change. They became the full social platform, with friends, and likes and invites and comments and an entire world of interaction that frankly scared the heck out of me. This really is where I learned my hardest lesson of the app store. Once you allow a software, you’ve NO WAY to take it back away. Keep this at heart moving forward. I touched with this back an earlier article when I mentioned allowing apps for starters child on the family share. While allowing these apps is solely at your discretion, taking them back away is nearly impossible, I’ll dive deeper into this in a later article.
I’m mentioning this for two reasons. First, I am NOT perfect. I am writing all of this down in the event a few of it helps or inspires you, not to exhibit you a perfect plan. There’s no perfect plan. I walked down this path with deep thought, conviction, education, and research, and I walked directly into this wall. So can you, hopefully not this one, hopefully, I have helped you avoid that one, but there is a wall, somewhere, and you will bang your nose whenever you walk straight into it. Second, I learned through this that everything would be OK. I was back-doored by a software and my thoughtful prized parenting was thrown spacious and the entire world didn’t end. My daughter is really a champ. I taught her well and she was equipped and prepared. Even yet in an alternative environment than I approved and prepared her for, she was a pro. Did she have issues with things online? Yes, she did. Made it happen ruin it for her or damage her? Not at all. When she had an overly amorous follower, she dealt with it. At one time she even canceled her account and started a different one to ensure that she may have a do-over and have more control of the people she interacted with. Because I have been upfront about my concern and her safety, and I had been positive and not condemning, she was upfront with me and never hesitated to go over options, ask questions and get my input when she did feel just like she needed it. In summary, because I trained her to be and then encouraged her to be, she has become a trustworthy and responsible citizen of the internet.
We have read about, learned about, and applied emotional intelligence in many different ways since Daniel Goleman first popularized it in 1995.
Wikipedia defines emotional intelligence as: “the capacity of people to identify their particular and other people’s emotions, discern between different feelings and label them appropriately, use emotional information to steer thinking and behavior, and manage and/or adjust emotions to adjust to environments or achieve one’s goals.”
Regardless of model (and you can find several), once we think of emotional intelligence we see it as a confident mixture of skills and characteristics.
But what if “the ability of an individual to recognize… other people’s emotions” can also provide negative consequences?
Theresa Edwards, in articles titled: Empathy vs. Sympathy: What’s the Difference explains that “to empathize with someone is to assume their feelings upon yourself and allow yourself to feel what they feel.”
In the informal experiment I’m going to spell it out, you will dsicover that empathy got in how of the participants’success.
Simply one of the experiment, Luma Al Halah showed a brief video of a person who eventually ends up sobbing. She then gave the participants a worksheet that had the numbers 1 through 20 placed randomly on the page. They received one minute to obtain the numbers so as and complete the worksheet.
Partly two of the experiment, Luma showed a quick video with a person who had been hysterically funny. She gave exactly the same assignment that she had given in part one. The participants had to complete a different worksheet with the numbers 1 through 20 placed randomly on the page. Again, they received one minute to find the numbers in order.
With out a sense of empathy with the sobbing man, there could have been no difference in the success rates of the participants in both areas of the experiment.
However, there clearly was a marked difference in the participants’ability to perform the worksheets. After watching the sad video, the participants had a much harder time placing the numbers in order- so much to ensure that most of them were not able to accomplish their worksheets in enough time allowed.
After watching the funny video, the participants had a much easier time placing the numbers in order- and most of them could complete their worksheets in enough time allowed.
The participants’empathy for the sobbing man left them with sad feelings. The outcome of the experiment showed that we find tasks much harder to do whenever we are sad.
This doesn’t mean that empathy is bad and should really be avoided. This experiment simply illustrates that emotions, whether happy or sad, can actually affect our performance (or situational intelligence).