2nd Grade Vocab Words

The goal of this article is to place forward some ideas to help with the teaching of addition.

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Combining groups of physical objects: for most students, this really is their simplest experience of adding up. This technique normally involves collecting two sets of objects, then counting how many objects there are in total. (For example, by building two towers of cubes, and then counting up every single block.) For most, this technique can be too involved, particularly for those students who present attention deficit disorder. If the little one cannot hold their attention for the entire of the activity, blocks will soon be put awry, towers will end up with additional blocks, blocks are certain to get confusing, and at the conclusion, the wrong answer is arrived at. The length of the process means that if your son or daughter does not master the style quickly, they’re not likely to produce progress at all. Additionally, it’s difficult to extend this technique into a calculation which can be approached mentally: as an example, try to imagine two large sets of objects in your face, and then count them all up. Even for adults, this really is nearly impossible.

Simple drawings: jottings certainly are a more useful alternative to the method described above. Write out the addition problem on a sheet of paper, and alongside the very first number, jot down the correct number of tallies (for instance, for the amount 4, draw 4 tallies). Ask your student to predict exactly how many tallies you will need to draw by the other number in the problem. Once they arrived at the correct answer, question them to draw the tallies. In order to complete with, ask just how many tallies they’ve drawn altogether. This method is a much simpler method of bringing together 2 groups, is less probably be susceptible to mechanical error, and is better worthy of students with poor focus. In addition, it encourages the kid to associate between what the written sum actually says, and why they’re drawing a specific quantity of tallies.




Counting on: this can be a technique based around your student’s capacity to state number names. Whenever your child has reached a phase where they know how to count to five, start asking them questions like, “what number is 1 more than… ” (eg. what uses 2 when we count?) This is actually equivalent to answering an addition problem of the type 2+1, but helps to connect the ideas of counting and addition, that will be very powerful. This technique gets your student ready to make use of number squares and gives them the confidence to answer problems within their mind. The technique may also be made more difficult, by asking, “what number is 2 more than… ” When your child can confidently respond to such problems out loud, demonstrate to them the question written down, and explain that that is the same as the problem you’d been doing before. This may help the child to see addition and counting as fundamentally related, and that new problem is clearly something they have met before.

Playing games: this activity could be both a mathematical learning experience along with a pleasing pastime. Games that want a counter to be moved around a table do a lot to encourage children to count on. If the board has numbers on it, the child is able to see that the action is comparable to counting out numbers aloud, or utilizing a number line. Produce a point of remembering to draw focus on the relationship between using games and addition.




Learning number facts: usually, we depend on number facts learnt by heart to greatly help us answer addition problems. In summary, we do not need to determine the clear answer to 7 and 10, we simply remember it. Having the ability to recall addition facts we can tackle simple maths tasks confidently. Improve your student’s knowledge of known number bonds by singing nursery songs that tell stories of number. Take part in the game of matching pairs with the student, where the purpose of the overall game is identify the precise location of the question (for instance, 7+8) and the corresponding answer from a set of cards all turned face down. Create some flashcards with simple addition facts written to them, go through the cards one at a time, and ask the student for the clear answer, giving a good deal of applause when they provide the best answer. When they’re confident, expand the amount of facts. Games will prevent your son or daughter perceiving addition as dull, and will build confidence.

Addition printables and worksheets: Practise makes perfect – and the best style of practice also lends more confidence. By utilizing simple worksheets, aimed towards your student’s ability and attention span, you can significantly boost your child’s ability with addition, both orally and written down. There are plenty of free internet sites that offer worksheets that help with the teaching of adding up, but it will matter what adding up worksheets you use. Ensure that the worksheets are directed at the best level, being neither too difficult nor too easy, and are of the proper length to steadfastly keep up the student’s interest. You need to be attempting to provide questions that foster their recollection of number facts, along with a scattering of sums involving some calculation. On the occasions that the student is successful, use the opportunity to give them plenty of praise; once they make a mistake, do not appear frustrated, but briefly explain their mistake. Using adding up worksheets in a considered way really can raise your student’s ability.


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My children have been digitally active, and as I look back through the years, one of the finest choices I made was to show my children right from the start the dangers of over-sharing. From the when my daughter asked me for Instagram and after it passed the app test. (it was NOT a cultural site in those days, but we might discuss that in a different article) Before I let her run wild with it, taking and posting photos to the internet for the world to see, I did so a few things and made a quick training lesson for her. Here’s what Used to do and why.

First thing I did so was to truly have a conversation with her about WHY she wanted it. At the time it had been merely a repository for photos. You might make an account, choose who’d access to your account and then upload photos to the account. People who have been allowed access could browse your photos, maybe comment on them. It absolutely was a less complicated time. Anyways, in this conversation, she relayed if you ask me several well thought-out, valid explanations why a healthier happy teen girl may want to share photos, and so we proceeded to talk about the thing that was appropriate to share. Now we all obviously know very well what comes in your thoughts first when someone mentions a teen girl posting photos on the Internet, and frankly, I have not had a concern with her being provocative or scandalous, so even though our conversation hit that topic, it didn’t stop there or even focus there. What we discussed during our talk was the information of the info within and with the photo, i.e., the metadata. She was required to turn location information off on the photos she posted so that no you can track her or map her from the GPS data that is attached to the majority of smartphone photos.

Before we continue with the lesson I’d with my daughter, I do want to take the time and explain WHY it is very important to show location services off for the camera app or remove location data from photos before children post them. (I do NOT recommend turning all location services off on your own child’s device since they are very handy for other things like locating your youngster, or finding a device they lost… but which will be covered in future articles… )

Every photo that is taken by each device containing both a camera and a GPS attach location data to the photo. Most photo library programs, like Photos for Mac, Adobe Lightroom, and Google Photos have a simple toggle feature to turn off location data in the photos. Also, since I’d this chat with my girl, many services and apps including Instagram, Facebook and Twitter have changed their product to automatically strip out location data until you upload to a specific mapping feature in the service (in Instagram that is’Photo Map’). The danger with GPS tagging children’s photos is so it helps it be quite simple for anyone who wants to, and has usage of those photos to build a chart of the area the youngsters are generally in. It can easily show patterns of travel, behavior, and despite having a tiny amount of work, provide a fairly accurate map of a school, or home, including layouts of rooms and furniture. If you believe for a moment what a significantly less than reputable person could do with such data, say for instance a chart of the road your youngster walks home, a chart of the interior of your home including obstacles, security and nearest and dearest, and pets. Add compared to that data the relative times that the child is in each of these locations and it becomes an extreme security risk for parents and a genuine danger to children. I’m no expert on this subject, and I am not paranoid, but it had been a huge enough concern for me that I discussed it with my children and took some simple steps, like educating my kids to the potential issue and helping them sanitize the connected data on the photos. If you prefer more information regarding this topic, just Google’Children location data photos’and click on a few of the more reputable sites. It’s been well covered by many news organizations like ABC News, the New York Times and the Washington Post. They did a much better and more thorough job dissecting it than I can so I will leave it at that. Back once again to the lesson.

After we had arrived at an awareness with location data and the dangers of it, and she was contemplating more than a duck-face or her makeup in the photo, we proceeded to step two.


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We mentioned what data was in the foreground and background and was it safe to share. For this the main lesson, I took my smart-phone and over the course of a few days staged many photos, some completely sanitized for the internet and some that had hidden data in the photo. I made a quiz on her (which she thought was stupid..) and she took it, identifying which photos were safe to post and that have been not. A number of the photos that I staged were shots of flower arrangements on the table or counter, but with prescription bottles from the family pet in the background behind the subject. Some were photos of games or children playing, but with other uninvolved people reflected in mirrors or other surfaces innocuously in the edges of the shot. I took candid photos of household members that have been completely harmless, but some that have been less than flattering or embarrassing. I shot cityscapes that contained candid photos of strangers. One was an image of a beautifully plated meal, but with a bag showing our mailing address off on the side. I included photos of our home from an angle that you might begin to see the address in the backdrop, images of her brothers but using their school in the back ground, photos that included her mother’s license plate barely visible at the side of the photo. Anything I possibly could think of that could be used to track, locate, stalk or else make one of us or somebody else feel violated, uncomfortable or self-conscious. I mixed these in with similar photos that were completely sanitary. After I had amassed a level of photos, I come up with only a little slideshow with a corresponding quiz book so that she could answer questions and make comments on each photo if it were acceptable, if not, why and any thoughts she had regarding them. When she took the quiz, I was amazed at how near my thinking on each item she already was. I was expecting her being an impetuous tween girl to just post pictures without contemplating any content or any consequences, but even before I explained my thinking and rules to her, she was already way in front of where I believed she’d be. There were some items that she missed, some things she hadn’t thought of, however for probably the most part, she could have been quite fine without my help. That is one place where as a father, I often expect my children to be helpless and completely ill equipped. Maybe I don’t trust them around I ought to, or even I still see them as helpless little toddlers, but I ought to more regularly know that I have inked a great job preparing them for a lifetime and they are very smart in their very own right. I often have to remind myself that the explanation for all this care and thoughtful training is so that they are prepared to take care of life on their own… I digress… After she’d finished with the slides and worksheet, we went over them one by one. I made a spot of not being negative, not beating her up over those she missed. Instead, I made those the starting point of the conversation, emphasizing WHY they certainly were not approved, how there have been elements in them that seemed innocuous and how those activities made the photo seem safe to publish, but what was present that made in questionable. Two great and important things originated from this. First, I seen that she was already paying very close awareness of the facts and that gave me lots of faith and confidence to let her have the app and be free in the world with it. Second, it showed her exactly what our expectations were to ensure that she could easier meet them.

This brings me to a part topic that I will not stray too much onto but needs mentioning. In raising my children, more often than not, once they make a move I don’t approve of, it’s just as much a failure of mine to properly convey my expectations because it is them trying to’break free with something.’ All the stress factors between us and our youngsters can be attributed normally to bad communication concerning bad behavior. More times than not my children are trying around I’m to keep life easy and happy. For the most part, they would like to please us and make us happy. They thrive on praise and wilt when criticized. With this particular at heart, back once again to the lesson…

When she and I sat down and discussed the ideas of safety and privacy, of respecting ourselves and the people around us in a confident way it had been very easy to agree with some use standards and to see that individuals both wanted exactly the same things. I was reassured that she will be a responsible Instagram citizen and she was more aware of some possible dangers she’d previously not looked at and was reminded of best privacy and security practices on people internet. Now what is going next is “and we all Instagrammed happily ever after..” This is simply not the case. While we did have a pleased continuing, (we still use Instagram, so we aren’t to the end yet) there is a very important factor I hadn’t thought of that quickly came into play.

As a parent, we could only respond to the stimuli open to us during the time of the response. We can anticipate a lot of things, but on the planet of the internet, of computers and devices and an ever changing landscape of social interaction via the web, we never know what will be next. In the case of Instagram, only some weeks after our lesson and my approval of her use, Instagram made what I look at a core change. They became a full social platform, with friends, and likes and invites and comments and a complete world of interaction that frankly scared the heck out of me. That is where I learned my hardest lesson of the app store. When you allow an app, you’ve NO WAY to take it back away. Keep this in your mind moving forward. I touched on this back an early on article when I mentioned allowing apps for starters child on the household share. While allowing these apps is solely at your discretion, taking them back away is extremely difficult, I’ll dive deeper into this in a later article.

I’m mentioning this for two reasons. First, I am NOT perfect. I’m writing all this down in the event a few of it will help or inspires you, not to show you an ideal plan. There’s no perfect plan. I walked down this path with deep thought, conviction, education, and research, and I walked straight into this wall. So are you going to, hopefully not that one, hopefully, I’ve helped you avoid that one, but there will be a wall, somewhere, and you’ll bang your nose once you walk straight into it. Second, I learned through this that everything could be OK. I was back-doored by a software and my thoughtful prized parenting was thrown wide open and the world didn’t end. My daughter is really a champ. I taught her well and she was equipped and prepared. Even yet in a different environment than I approved and prepared her for, she was a pro. Did she have problems with things online? Yes, she did. Achieved it ruin it for her or damage her? Not at all. When she’d an overly amorous follower, she managed it. At one time she even canceled her account and started another one so that she may have a do-over and do have more control of the folks she interacted with. Because I had been upfront about my concern and her safety, and I have been positive and not condemning, she was upfront with me and never hesitated to talk about options, ask questions and get my input when she did feel like she needed it. The bottom line is, because I trained her to be and then encouraged her to be, she is becoming a trustworthy and responsible citizen of the internet.

We’ve find out about, learned about, and applied emotional intelligence in many different ways since Daniel Goleman first popularized it in 1995.

Wikipedia defines emotional intelligence as: “the capability of individuals to identify their particular and other people’s emotions, discern between different feelings and label them appropriately, use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior, and manage and/or adjust emotions to adjust to environments or achieve one’s goals.”

Regardless of model (and you can find several), when we think about emotional intelligence we notice it as a confident mixture of skills and characteristics.

But imagine if “the ability of people to recognize… other people’s emotions” can also provide negative consequences?

Theresa Edwards, in articles titled: Empathy vs. Sympathy: What’s the Difference explains that “to empathize with someone is to assume their feelings upon yourself and allow you to ultimately feel what they feel.”

In the informal experiment I’m going to spell it out, you will see that empathy got in how of the participants’success.

In part one of the experiment, Luma Al Halah showed a quick video of a man who ultimately ends up sobbing. She then gave the participants a worksheet that had the numbers 1 through 20 placed randomly on the page. They received one minute to obtain the numbers so as and complete the worksheet.

In part two of the experiment, Luma showed a short video with a man who was hysterically funny. She gave exactly the same assignment that she’d given simply one. The participants had to accomplish a different worksheet with the numbers 1 through 20 placed randomly on the page. Again, they got one minute to find the numbers in order.

With no sense of empathy with the sobbing man, there could have been no difference in the success rates of the participants in both areas of the experiment.

However, there is a marked difference in the participants’ability to perform the worksheets. After watching the sad video, the participants had a much harder time placing the numbers in order- so much in order that most of them were not able to perform their worksheets in the full time allowed.

After watching the funny video, the participants had an easier time placing the numbers in order- and many of them could complete their worksheets in enough time allowed.

The participants’empathy for the sobbing man left them with sad feelings. The outcome of the experiment showed that individuals find tasks much harder to accomplish when we are sad.

This doesn’t imply that empathy is bad and should really be avoided. This experiment simply illustrates that emotions, whether happy or sad, can definitely affect our performance (or situational intelligence).

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