The goal of this information is to place forward some ideas to simply help with the teaching of addition.
Combining categories of physical objects: for all students, this really is their most basic experience of adding up. This process normally involves collecting two sets of objects, then counting how many objects there are in total. (For example, by building two towers of cubes, and then counting up each block.) For most, this technique may be too involved, particularly for those students who present attention deficit disorder. If the kid cannot hold their attention for the entire of the activity, blocks is going to be put awry, towers will end up with additional blocks, blocks will get mixed up, and at the conclusion, the incorrect answer is arrived at. The length of the procedure means that when your child does not master the style quickly, they’re improbable to make progress at all. Additionally, it’s difficult to extend this technique into a calculation that may be approached mentally: for example, try to assume two large sets of objects in your head, and then count them all up. Even for adults, this really is nearly impossible.
Simple drawings: jottings are a more useful alternative to the method described above. Write out the addition problem on a page of paper, and close to the first number, write down the correct quantity of tallies (for instance, for the amount 4, draw 4 tallies). Ask your student to predict just how many tallies you will need to draw by the other number in the problem. Once they arrive at the right answer, question them to draw the tallies. In order to complete with, ask exactly how many tallies they have drawn altogether. This process is a much easier method of bringing together 2 groups, is less apt to be subject to mechanical error, and is way better suitable for students with poor focus. Additionally, it encourages the little one to associate between what the written sum actually says, and why they are drawing a particular amount of tallies.
Counting on: this is a technique based around your student’s capacity to express number names. As soon as your child has reached a stage where they know how to count to five, start asking them questions like, “what number is 1 more than… ” (eg. what comes after 2 once we count?) This is actually comparable to answering an addition problem of the kind 2+1, but helps for connecting the ideas of counting and addition, that will be very powerful. This technique gets your student ready to make use of number squares and gives them the confidence to answer problems inside their mind. The technique can be made harder, by asking, “what number is 2 more than… ” As soon as your child can confidently answer such problems aloud, show them the question written down, and explain that that is the same as the situation you had been doing before. This may help the kid to see addition and counting as fundamentally related, and this new problem is in fact something they have met before.
Playing games: this activity can be both a mathematical learning experience in addition to a nice pastime. Games that want a table to be moved around a board do a lot to encourage children to count on. If the board has numbers about it, the little one can note that the action resembles counting out numbers aloud, or employing a number line. Produce a point of remembering to draw focus on the relationship between using board games and addition.
Learning number facts: usually, we count on number facts learnt by heart to greatly help us answer addition problems. In summary, we do not have to figure out the answer to 7 and 10, we simply remember it. Being able to recall addition facts permits us to tackle simple maths tasks confidently. Improve your student’s understanding of known number bonds by singing nursery songs that tell stories of number. Take part in the overall game of matching pairs with the student, where the point of the game is identify the precise location of the question (for instance, 7+8) and the corresponding answer from a couple of cards all turned face down. Create a couple of flashcards with simple addition facts written to them, consider the cards one at the same time, and ask the student for the clear answer, giving a great deal of applause when they provide the proper answer. When they are confident, expand how many facts. Games will prevent your youngster perceiving addition as dull, and will build confidence.
Addition printables and worksheets: Practise makes perfect – and the proper type of practice also lends more confidence. By utilizing simple worksheets, aimed towards your student’s ability and attention span, you can significantly enhance your child’s ability with addition, both orally and written down. There are lots of free internet sites that provide worksheets that assistance with the teaching of adding up, but it will matter what adding up worksheets you use. Make certain that the worksheets are directed at the right level, being neither too difficult nor too easy, and are of the correct length to keep up the student’s interest. You ought to be attempting presenting questions that foster their recollection of number facts, and also a scattering of sums involving some calculation. On the occasions that the student is successful, use the opportunity to offer them plenty of praise; if they produce a mistake, do not appear frustrated, but briefly explain their mistake. Using adding up worksheets in a considered way really can increase your student’s ability.
My children have always been digitally active, and as I look back through the years, one of the best choices I made was to exhibit my children from the beginning the dangers of over-sharing. I recall when my daughter asked me for Instagram and after it passed the app test. (it was NOT a cultural site in those days, but we may discuss that in a different article) Before I let her run wild with it, taking and posting photos to the internet for all the world to see, I did two things and made a quick training lesson for her. This is what I did so and why.
First thing I did so was to have a conversation with her about WHY she wanted it. During the time it had been merely a repository for photos. You will make an account, choose who’d use of your account and then upload photos to the account. People have been allowed access could browse your photos, maybe comment on them. It had been a simpler time. Anyways, in this conversation, she relayed in my experience several well thought-out, valid explanations why a wholesome happy teen girl might want to share photos, and so we proceeded to discuss that which was appropriate to share. Now we all obviously know what comes to mind first when someone mentions a teen girl posting photos on the Internet, and frankly, I haven’t had a problem with her being provocative or scandalous, so although our conversation hit that topic, it didn’t stop there as well as focus there. What we discussed during our talk was this content of the info found in and with the photo, i.e., the metadata. She was required to turn location information off on the photos she posted so that no you can track her or map her from the GPS data that’s attached to the majority of smartphone photos.
Before we continue with the lesson I had with my daughter, I wish to take the time and explain WHY it is very important to show location services off for the camera app or remove location data from photos before children post them. (I do NOT recommend turning all location services off on your own child’s device because they are very handy for other such things as locating your child, or locating a device they lost… but which will be covered in future articles… )
Every photo that is taken by each device containing both a camera and a GPS attach location data to the photo. Most photo library programs, like Photos for Mac, Adobe Lightroom, and Google Photos have an easy toggle feature to turn off location data in the photos. Also, since I’d this chat with my girl, many services and apps including Instagram, Facebook and Twitter have changed their product to automatically strip out location data if you upload to a particular mapping feature in the service (in Instagram that is’Photo Map’). The danger with GPS tagging children’s photos is so it causes it to be very easy for anybody who wants to, and has use of those photos to build a map of the location the youngsters tend to be in. It can very quickly show patterns of travel, behavior, and despite having a little bit of work, provide a reasonably accurate map of a school, or home, including layouts of rooms and furniture. If you were to think for a moment what a less than reputable person could do with such data, say for instance a place of the trail your youngster walks home, a place of the interior of your property including obstacles, security and family unit members, and pets. Add compared to that data the relative times that the kid is in each of these locations and it becomes an extreme security risk for folks and an actual danger to children. I am not an expert with this subject, and I am not paranoid, but it absolutely was a huge enough concern for me personally that I discussed it with my children and took some simple steps, like educating my kids to the potential issue and helping them sanitize the connected data on the photos. If you prefer more info regarding this topic, just Google’Children location data photos’and click on a number of the more reputable sites. It’s been well covered by many news organizations like ABC News, the New York Times and the Washington Post. They did a better and more thorough job dissecting it than I can so I’ll leave it at that. Back once again to the lesson.
After we had arrived at an understanding with location data and the dangers of it, and she was thinking about greater than a duck-face or her makeup in the photo, we proceeded to step two.
We discussed what data was in the foreground and background and was it safe to share. Because of this part of the lesson, I took my smart-phone and over the course of a couple of days staged many photos, some completely sanitized for the internet and some that had hidden data in the photo. I made a quiz on her behalf (which she thought was stupid..) and she took it, identifying which photos were safe to publish and that have been not. A few of the photos that I staged were shots of flower arrangements up for grabs or counter, but with prescription bottles from the household pet in the background behind the subject. Some were photos of games or children playing, but with other uninvolved people reflected in mirrors and other surfaces innocuously in the edges of the shot. I took candid photos of nearest and dearest that have been completely harmless, however, many which were less than flattering or embarrassing. I shot cityscapes that contained candid photos of strangers. One was a photograph of a beautifully plated meal, but with a package showing our mailing address off on the side. I included photos of our home from an angle that you may see the address in the backdrop, images of her brothers but using their school in the background, photos that included her mother’s license plate barely visible at the medial side of the photo. Anything I could think of that might be used to track, locate, stalk or otherwise make among us or somebody else feel violated, uncomfortable or self-conscious. I mixed these in with similar photos that have been completely sanitary. After I had amassed a volume of photos, I come up with a little slideshow with a corresponding quiz book in order that she could answer questions and make comments on each photo if it were acceptable, if not, why and any thoughts she’d regarding them. When she took the quiz, I was amazed at how near my thinking on each item she already was. I was expecting her being an impetuous tween girl to just post pictures without contemplating any content or any consequences, but even before I explained my thinking and rules to her, she was already way in front of where I believed she would be. There were some items which she missed, some things she hadn’t looked at, but for the absolute most part, she could have been quite fine without my help. That is one place where as a father, I often expect my children to be helpless and completely ill equipped. Maybe I don’t trust them around I ought to, or possibly I still see them as helpless little toddlers, but I ought to more regularly recognize that I did a good job preparing them for a lifetime and they’re very smart in their particular right. I often need to remind myself that the reason for all this care and thoughtful training is so they are prepared to handle life on the own… I digress… After she’d finished with the slides and worksheet, we went over them one by one. I made a spot of not being negative, not beating her up over the ones she missed. Instead, I made those the starting point of the conversation, focusing on WHY they were not approved, how there have been elements included that seemed innocuous and how those activities made the photo seem safe to create, but what was present that produced in questionable. Two great and essential things came from this. First, I seen that she had been paying very close awareness of the important points and that gave me lots of faith and confidence to let her have the app and be free on the planet with it. Second, it showed her precisely what our expectations were in order that she could easier meet them.
This brings me to a side topic that I won’t stray past an acceptable limit onto but needs mentioning. In raising my children, more regularly than not, when they do something I don’t approve of, it is as much a failure of mine to properly convey my expectations as it is them trying to’escape with something.’ All the stress factors between us and our children could be attributed normally to bad communication as to bad behavior. More times than not my students are trying around I am to keep life easy and happy. For the most part, they want to please us and make us happy. They thrive on praise and wilt when criticized. With this specific in your mind, back to the lesson…
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When she and I sat down and discussed the ideas of safety and privacy, of respecting ourselves and the folks around us in an optimistic way it had been very simple to agree on some use standards and to see that people both wanted the exact same things. I was reassured that she would have been a responsible Instagram citizen and she was more conscious of some possible dangers she had previously not considered and was reminded of best privacy and security practices on people internet. Now what is going next is “and all of us Instagrammed happily ever after..” This is simply not the case. While we did have a happy continuing, (we still use Instagram, so we aren’t to the finish yet) there clearly was a very important factor I hadn’t thought of that quickly arrived to play.
As a parent, we could only answer the stimuli available to us during the time of the response. We can anticipate many things, but on the planet of the net, of computers and devices and an ever changing landscape of social interaction via the web, we never know what will be next. In the case of Instagram, just a few weeks after our lesson and my approval of her use, Instagram made what I think about a core change. They became the full social platform, with friends, and likes and invites and comments and a complete world of interaction that frankly scared the heck out of me. That is where I learned my hardest lesson of the app store. When you allow an app, you have NO WAY to take it back away. Keep this in mind moving forward. I touched on this in an earlier article when I mentioned allowing apps for just one child on the family share. While allowing these apps is solely at your discretion, taking them back away is extremely hard, I will dive deeper into this in a later article.
I am mentioning this for two reasons. First, I am NOT perfect. I’m writing all this down in case some of it can help or inspires you, not to show you a great plan. There’s no perfect plan. I walked down this path with deep thought, conviction, education, and research, and I walked straight into this wall. So will you, hopefully not this one, hopefully, I’ve helped you avoid that one, but there will be a wall, somewhere, and you’ll bang your nose when you walk straight into it. Second, I learned through this that everything could be OK. I was back-doored by an application and my thoughtful prized parenting was thrown wide open and the entire world didn’t end. My daughter is just a champ. I taught her well and she was equipped and prepared. Even in a different environment than I approved and prepared her for, she was a pro. Did she have problems with things online? Yes, she did. Made it happen ruin it for her or damage her? Not at all. When she’d an overly amorous follower, she managed it. At one point she even canceled her account and started a different one to ensure that she would have a do-over and do have more control of the folks she interacted with. Because I have been upfront about my concern and her safety, and I have been positive and not condemning, she was upfront with me and never hesitated to go over options, ask questions and get my input when she did feel just like she needed it. The bottom line is, because I trained her to be and then encouraged her to be, she is becoming a trustworthy and responsible citizen of the internet.
We’ve read about, learned about, and applied emotional intelligence in many different ways since Daniel Goleman first popularized it in 1995.
Wikipedia defines emotional intelligence as: “the ability of people to recognize their own and other people’s emotions, discern between different feelings and label them appropriately, use emotional information to steer thinking and behavior, and manage and/or adjust emotions to adjust to environments or achieve one’s goals.”
Whatever the model (and you can find several), once we think about emotional intelligence we view it as a positive mixture of skills and characteristics.
But what if “the capability of individuals to recognize… other people’s emotions” can also have negative consequences?
Theresa Edwards, in an article titled: Empathy vs. Sympathy: What’s the Difference explains that “to empathize with someone would be to assume their feelings upon yourself and allow you to ultimately feel what they feel.”
In the informal experiment I’m going to explain, you might find that empathy got in how of the participants’success.
Simply one of many experiment, Luma Al Halah showed a brief video of a person who ends up sobbing. She then gave the participants a worksheet that had the numbers 1 through 20 placed randomly on the page. They were given 1 minute to get the numbers in order and complete the worksheet.
In part two of the experiment, Luma showed a quick video with a man who had been hysterically funny. She gave the exact same assignment that she’d given in part one. The participants had to accomplish an alternative worksheet with the numbers 1 through 20 placed randomly on the page. Again, they received one minute to get the numbers in order.
Without a sense of empathy with the sobbing man, there could have been no difference in the success rates of the participants in both elements of the experiment.
However, there was a marked difference in the participants’ability to perform the worksheets. After watching the sad video, the participants had a much harder time placing the numbers in order- so much to ensure that many of them were not able to perform their worksheets in enough time allowed.
After watching the funny video, the participants had a much simpler time placing the numbers in order- and many of them could actually complete their worksheets in enough time allowed.
The participants’empathy for the sobbing man left them with sad feelings. The outcomes of the experiment showed that individuals find tasks much harder to complete once we are sad.
This does not imply that empathy is bad and should really be avoided. This experiment simply illustrates that emotions, whether happy or sad, can actually affect our performance (or situational intelligence).