The objective of this short article is to put forward some ideas to help with the teaching of addition.
Combining categories of physical objects: for many students, this really is their most elementary connection with adding up. This method normally involves collecting two sets of objects, then counting how many objects there are in total. (For example, by building two towers of cubes, and then counting up every single block.) For many, this approach can be too involved, particularly for those students who present attention deficit disorder. If the kid cannot hold their attention for the entire of the experience, blocks will be put awry, towers find yourself with additional blocks, blocks are certain to get confused, and at the end, the incorrect answer is arrived at. The size of the process means that when your son or daughter doesn’t master the style quickly, they are improbable to make progress at all. Furthermore, it’s difficult to extend this technique into a calculation that can be approached mentally: for example, try to assume two large sets of objects in your mind, and then count them all up. Even for adults, that is nearly impossible.
Simple drawings: jottings certainly are a more useful alternative to the procedure described above. Write out the addition problem on a page of paper, and alongside the initial number, jot down the right number of tallies (for instance, for the amount 4, draw 4 tallies). Ask your student to predict how many tallies you will have to draw by one other number in the problem. If they arrived at the proper answer, inquire further to draw the tallies. To complete with, ask exactly how many tallies they have drawn altogether. This approach is an easier way of bringing together 2 groups, is less apt to be at the mercy of mechanical error, and is better suited to students with poor focus. In addition it encourages the kid to associate between what the written sum actually says, and why they are drawing a specific amount of tallies.
Relying upon: this can be a technique based around your student’s capacity to state number names. When your child has reached a period where they understand how to count to five, start asking them questions like, “what number is 1 more than… ” (eg. what employs 2 once we count?) This is really equivalent to answering an addition problem of the sort 2+1, but helps to get in touch the ideas of counting and addition, which will be very powerful. This technique gets your student ready to utilize number squares and gives them the confidence to answer problems within their mind. The method may also be made harder, by asking, “what number is 2 more than… ” When your child can confidently react to such problems out loud, show them the question written down, and explain that that is the same as the problem you’d been doing before. This will help the child to see addition and counting as fundamentally related, and this new problem is clearly something they’ve met before.
Playing board games: this activity can be both a mathematical learning experience in addition to a pleasant pastime. Games that require a counter to be moved around a board do a great deal to encourage children to count on. If the board has numbers about it, the kid can note that the action resembles counting out numbers aloud, or utilizing a number line. Create a point of remembering to draw attention to the relationship between using board games and addition.
Learning number facts: usually, we depend on number facts learnt by heart to help us answer addition problems. The bottom line is, we do not have to determine the answer to 7 and 10, we simply remember it. Being able to recall addition facts we can tackle simple maths tasks confidently. Boost your student’s familiarity with known number bonds by singing nursery songs that tell stories of number. Take part in the game of matching pairs with the student, where the purpose of the overall game is identify the precise location of the question (for instance, 7+8) and the corresponding answer from some cards all turned face down. Create some flashcards with simple addition facts written to them, go through the cards one at any given time, and ask the student for the answer, giving a great deal of applause when they provide the right answer. When they’re confident, expand how many facts. Games will prevent your child perceiving addition as dull, and will build confidence.
Addition printables and worksheets: Practise makes perfect – and the proper type of practice also lends more confidence. By utilizing simple worksheets, aimed towards your student’s ability and attention span, you have the ability to significantly enhance your child’s ability with addition, both orally and written down. There are lots of free websites that provide worksheets that help with the teaching of adding up, but it will matter what adding up worksheets you use. Ensure that the worksheets are aimed at the proper level, being neither too difficult nor too easy, and are of the right length to keep up the student’s interest. You need to be attempting to present questions that foster their recollection of number facts, and also a scattering of sums involving some calculation. On the occasions that the student is successful, use the opportunity to give them lots of praise; once they make a mistake, do not appear frustrated, but briefly explain their mistake. Using adding up worksheets in a considered way can actually boost your student’s ability.
My children have always been digitally active, and as I look back through the years, one of the greatest choices I made was showing my children from the beginning the dangers of over-sharing. I recall when my daughter asked me for Instagram and after it passed the app test. (it was NOT a social site in the past, but we might discuss that in a different article) Before I let her run wild with it, taking and posting photos to the web for all the world to see, Used to do a few things and made a brief training lesson for her. Here is what Used to do and why.
The first thing I did was to have a conversation with her about WHY she wanted it. During the time it was merely a repository for photos. You might make an account, choose who’d access to your account and then upload photos to the account. People have been allowed access could browse your photos, maybe discuss them. It was a less complicated time. Anyways, during this conversation, she relayed in my experience several well thought-out, valid reasoned explanations why a healthy happy teen girl may want to share photos, and so we proceeded to go over the thing that was appropriate to share. Now all of us obviously know very well what comes in your thoughts first when someone mentions a young adult girl posting photos on the Internet, and frankly, I haven’t had a concern with her being provocative or scandalous, so although our conversation hit that topic, it didn’t stop there as well as focus there. What we discussed during our talk was the content of the information within and with the photo, i.e., the metadata. She was required to turn location information off on the photos she posted in order that no you can track her or map her from the GPS data that is attached to many smartphone photos.
Before we continue with the lesson I’d with my daughter, I wish to set aside a second and explain WHY it is essential to show location services off for the camera app or remove location data from photos before children post them. (I do NOT recommend turning all location services off on your own child’s device since they are very handy for other such things as locating your son or daughter, or finding a device they lost… but that’ll be covered in future articles… )
Every photo that’s taken by each device containing both a camera and a GPS attach location data to the photo. Most photo library programs, like Photos for Mac, Adobe Lightroom, and Google Photos have an easy toggle feature to turn off location data in the photos. Also, since I had this chat with my girl, many services and apps including Instagram, Facebook and Twitter have changed their product to automatically strip out location data until you upload to a specific mapping feature in the service (in Instagram that is’Photo Map’). The danger with GPS tagging children’s photos is that it makes it quite simple for anybody who would like to, and has usage of those photos to construct a map of the region the children are generally in. It can easily show patterns of travel, behavior, and despite having a tiny amount of work, provide a reasonably accurate map of a school, or home, including layouts of rooms and furniture. If you believe for an instant what a significantly less than reputable person could do with such data, say for instance a place of the road your youngster walks home, a chart of the within of your home including obstacles, security and household members, and pets. Add to that data the relative times that the little one is in each of those locations and it becomes a severe security risk for folks and a real danger to children. I’m no expert on this subject, and I am not paranoid, but it had been a large enough concern for me that I discussed it with my children and took some simple steps, like educating my kids to the potential issue and helping them sanitize the connected data on their photos. If you’d like more details regarding this topic, just Google’Children location data photos’and click a number of the more reputable sites. This has been well included in many news organizations like ABC News, the New York Times and the Washington Post. They did a much better and more thorough job dissecting it than I could so I will leave it at that. Back once again to the lesson.
After we had arrive at an understanding with location data and the dangers of it, and she was thinking about more than a duck-face or her makeup in the photo, we proceeded to step two.
We mentioned what data was in the foreground and background and was it safe to share. For this the main lesson, I took my smart-phone and over the span of a couple of days staged many photos, some completely sanitized for the internet and some that had hidden data in the photo. I made a quiz for her (which she thought was stupid..) and she took it, identifying which photos were safe to publish and that have been not. A number of the photos that I staged were shots of flower arrangements up for grabs or counter, but with prescription bottles from the household pet in the back ground behind the subject. Some were photos of games or children playing, but with other uninvolved people reflected in mirrors and other surfaces innocuously in the edges of the shot. I took candid photos of nearest and dearest that were completely harmless, but some that have been less than flattering or embarrassing. I shot cityscapes that contained candid photos of strangers. One was a photo of a beautifully plated meal, but with a bag showing our mailing address off on the side. I included photos of our home from an angle that you might begin to see the address in the backdrop, images of her brothers but making use of their school in the back ground, photos that included her mother’s license plate barely visible at the medial side of the photo. Anything I possibly could consider that might be used to track, locate, stalk or otherwise make among us or another person feel violated, uncomfortable or self-conscious. I mixed these in with similar photos that have been completely sanitary. After I’d amassed a volume of photos, I come up with only a little slideshow with a corresponding quiz book in order that she could answer questions and make comments on each photo when it were acceptable, or even, why and any thoughts she’d regarding them. When she took the quiz, I was amazed at how close to my thinking on each item she already was. I was expecting her being an impetuous tween girl to just post pictures without contemplating any content or any consequences, but even before I explained my thinking and rules to her, she had been way ahead of where I thought she’d be. There were some things that she missed, some things she hadn’t considered, but for the absolute most part, she would have been quite fine without my help. This is one place where as a father, I often expect my children to be helpless and completely ill equipped. Maybe I don’t trust them as much as I would, or perhaps I still see them as helpless little toddlers, but I would more regularly recognize that I have done a great job preparing them forever and they’re very smart in their very own right. I often need certainly to remind myself that the reason behind all of this care and thoughtful training is so that they are prepared to deal with life on the own… I digress… After she had finished with the slides and worksheet, we went over them one by one. I made a spot of not being negative, not beating her up over those she missed. Instead, I made those the kick off point of the conversation, focusing on WHY they certainly were not approved, how there were elements inside them that seemed innocuous and how those activities made the photo seem safe to create, but that which was present that produced in questionable. Two great and important things originated in this. First, I realized that she had been paying very close focus on the details and that gave me plenty of faith and confidence to let her have the app and be free in the world with it. Second, it showed her just what our expectations were to ensure that she could more easily meet them.
This brings me to an area topic that I won’t stray past an acceptable limit onto but needs mentioning. In raising my children, more frequently than not, when they take action I don’t approve of, it’s just as much a failure of mine to properly convey my expectations as it is them trying to’break free with something.’ Most of the stress factors between us and our youngsters may be attributed as frequently to bad communication regarding bad behavior. More times than not my students are trying as much as I am to keep life easy and happy. For the absolute most part, they wish to please us and make us happy. They thrive on praise and wilt when criticized. With this specific in mind, back to the lesson…
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When she and I sat down and discussed the ideas of safety and privacy, of respecting ourselves and the folks around us in an optimistic way it had been very simple to agree on some use standards and to see that people both wanted the exact same things. I was reassured that she would be a responsible Instagram citizen and she was more aware of some possible dangers she’d previously not thought of and was reminded of best privacy and security practices on the general public internet. Now what is going next is “and most of us Instagrammed happily ever after..” This is not the case. While we did have a pleased continuing, (we still use Instagram, so we aren’t to the end yet) there clearly was something I hadn’t considered that quickly came into play.
As a parent, we could only answer the stimuli open to us at the time of the response. We are able to anticipate several things, but in the world of the web, of computers and devices and an ever changing landscape of social interaction via the internet, we never know what’ll be next. In the event of Instagram, just a few weeks after our lesson and my approval of her use, Instagram made what I consider a core change. They truly became the full social platform, with friends, and likes and invites and comments and an entire world of interaction that frankly scared the heck out of me. That is where I learned my hardest lesson of the app store. As soon as you allow an app, you have NO WAY to take it back away. Keep this at heart moving forward. I touched on this back in a youthful article when I mentioned allowing apps for one child on the household share. While allowing these apps is solely at your discretion, taking them back away is almost impossible, I’ll dive deeper into this in a later article.
I am mentioning this for two reasons. First, I’m NOT perfect. I am writing all this down just in case some of it will help or inspires you, not to exhibit you an ideal plan. There’s no perfect plan. I walked down this path with deep thought, conviction, education, and research, and I walked straight into this wall. So are you going to, hopefully not this one, hopefully, I’ve helped you avoid this one, but there would have been a wall, somewhere, and you will bang your nose when you walk straight into it. Second, I learned through this that everything will be OK. I was back-doored by an application and my thoughtful prized parenting was thrown wide open and the planet didn’t end. My daughter is a champ. I taught her well and she was equipped and prepared. Even in a different environment than I approved and prepared her for, she was a pro. Did she have difficulties with things online? Yes, she did. Did it ruin it on her or damage her? Not at all. When she had an overly amorous follower, she dealt with it. At one time she even canceled her account and started another one so that she could have a do-over and do have more control of individuals she interacted with. Because I had been upfront about my concern and her safety, and I have been positive and not condemning, she was upfront with me and never hesitated to go over options, ask questions and get my input when she did feel like she needed it. In summary, because I trained her to be and then encouraged her to be, she is now a trustworthy and responsible citizen of the internet.
We have find out about, learned about, and applied emotional intelligence in a number of ways since Daniel Goleman first popularized it in 1995.
Wikipedia defines emotional intelligence as: “the ability of individuals to recognize their particular and other people’s emotions, discern between different feelings and label them appropriately, use emotional information to steer thinking and behavior, and manage and/or adjust emotions to adapt to environments or achieve one’s goals.”
Whatever the model (and you can find several), whenever we think about emotional intelligence we see it as a positive combination of skills and characteristics.
But imagine if “the capacity of individuals to recognize… other people’s emotions” can likewise have negative consequences?
Theresa Edwards, in a write-up titled: Empathy vs. Sympathy: What’s the Difference explains that “to empathize with someone would be to assume their feelings upon yourself and allow yourself to feel what they feel.”
In the informal experiment I’m going to spell it out, you might find that empathy got in how of the participants’success.
In part among the experiment, Luma Al Halah showed a quick video of a person who ultimately ends up sobbing. She then gave the participants a worksheet that had the numbers 1 through 20 placed randomly on the page. They got one minute to obtain the numbers so as and complete the worksheet.
Simply two of the experiment, Luma showed a quick video with a person who had been hysterically funny. She gave exactly the same assignment that she had given in part one. The participants had to complete a different worksheet with the numbers 1 through 20 placed randomly on the page. Again, they were given 1 minute to find the numbers in order.
With no sense of empathy with the sobbing man, there would have been no difference in the success rates of the participants in both areas of the experiment.
However, there clearly was a marked difference in the participants’ability to complete the worksheets. After watching the sad video, the participants had a much harder time placing the numbers in order- so much in order that many were not able to perform their worksheets in enough time allowed.
After watching the funny video, the participants had an easier time placing the numbers in order- and most of them could actually complete their worksheets in the full time allowed.
The participants’empathy for the sobbing man left them with sad feelings. The results of the experiment showed that people find tasks much harder to complete once we are sad.
This doesn’t signify empathy is bad and should really be avoided. This experiment simply illustrates that emotions, whether happy or sad, can definitely affect our performance (or situational intelligence).