The objective of this informative article is to place forward some ideas to help with the teaching of addition.
Combining categories of physical objects: for most students, that is their most basic connection with adding up. This method normally involves collecting two sets of objects, then counting just how many objects you can find in total. (For example, by building two towers of cubes, and then counting up every single block.) For many, this approach can be too involved, particularly for anyone students who present attention deficit disorder. If the kid cannot hold their attention for the whole of the game, blocks will be put awry, towers find yourself with additional blocks, blocks will get confusing, and by the end, the wrong answer is arrived at. The length of the method means that if your youngster does not master the style quickly, they’re unlikely to produce progress at all. Furthermore, it’s difficult to increase this method right into a calculation that may be approached mentally: for example, try to assume two large sets of objects in your face, and then count them up. Even for adults, this is nearly impossible.
Simple drawings: jottings certainly are a more useful alternative to the method described above. Write out the addition problem on a sheet of paper, and next to the initial number, jot down the correct quantity of tallies (for instance, for the number 4, draw 4 tallies). Ask your student to predict just how many tallies you should draw by one other number in the problem. Once they arrived at the right answer, inquire further to draw the tallies. To finish with, ask exactly how many tallies they have drawn altogether. This approach is an easier method of bringing together 2 groups, is less probably be susceptible to mechanical error, and is much better suitable for students with poor focus. In addition it encourages the kid to associate between what the written sum actually says, and why they are drawing a certain amount of tallies.
Relying on: this is a technique based around your student’s capacity to express number names. Whenever your child has reached a phase where they understand how to count to five, start asking them questions like, “what number is 1 more than… ” (eg. what uses 2 once we count?) This is actually comparable to answering a supplement problem of the kind 2+1, but helps for connecting the ideas of counting and addition, which will be very powerful. This technique gets your student ready to utilize number squares and gives them the confidence to answer problems inside their mind. The strategy can be made more difficult, by asking, “what number is 2 more than… ” As soon as your child can confidently respond to such problems aloud, demonstrate to them the question written down, and explain that this really is just like the issue you’d been doing before. This will help the kid to see addition and counting as fundamentally related, and this new problem is obviously something they have met before.
Playing games: this activity could be both a mathematical learning experience in addition to a pleasing pastime. Games that want a table to be moved around a table do a lot to encourage children to count on. If the board has numbers about it, the kid is able to see that the action is comparable to counting out numbers aloud, or utilizing a number line. Make a point of remembering to draw attention to the relationship between using board games and addition.
Learning number facts: usually, we count on number facts learnt by heart to help us answer addition problems. In summary, we do not need to figure out the clear answer to 7 and 10, we simply remember it. Having the ability to recall addition facts allows us to tackle simple maths tasks confidently. Enhance your student’s familiarity with known number bonds by singing nursery songs that tell stories of number. Take part in the game of matching pairs with the student, where the purpose of the overall game is identify the located area of the question (for instance, 7+8) and the corresponding answer from a couple of cards all turned face down. Create a couple of flashcards with simple addition facts written on them, look at the cards one at any given time, and ask the student for the answer, giving much of applause when they offer the proper answer. When they’re confident, expand how many facts. Games will prevent your youngster perceiving addition as dull, and will build confidence.
Addition printables and worksheets: Practise makes perfect – and the right type of practice also lends more confidence. By utilizing simple worksheets, aimed towards your student’s ability and attention span, you can significantly improve your child’s ability with addition, both orally and written down. There are many of free websites that provide worksheets that help with the teaching of adding up, but it does matter what adding up worksheets you use. Ensure that the worksheets are targeted at the right level, being neither too hard nor too easy, and are of the right length to maintain the student’s interest. You need to be attempting to provide questions that foster their recollection of number facts, plus a scattering of sums involving some calculation. On the occasions that the student is successful, use the opportunity to give them plenty of praise; once they create a mistake, do not appear frustrated, but briefly explain their mistake. Using adding up worksheets in a considered way can really increase your student’s ability.
My children will always be digitally active, and as I look back over time, one of the best choices I made was to exhibit my children from the beginning the dangers of over-sharing. I recall when my daughter asked me for Instagram and after it passed the app test. (it was NOT a social site back then, but we may discuss that in an alternative article) Before I let her run wild with it, taking and posting photos to the web for all your world to see, Used to do a few things and made a short training lesson for her. Some tips about what Used to do and why.
First thing I did so was to truly have a conversation with her about WHY she wanted it. At the time it absolutely was only a repository for photos. You may make an account, choose who’d usage of your account and then upload photos to the account. People who have been allowed access could browse your photos, maybe touch upon them. It absolutely was a less complicated time. Anyways, during this conversation, she relayed to me several well thought-out, valid explanations why a healthy happy teen girl should share photos, and so we proceeded to talk about what was appropriate to share. Now all of us obviously know what comes to mind first when someone mentions a teenager girl posting photos on the Internet, and frankly, I haven’t had an issue with her being provocative or scandalous, so although our conversation hit that topic, it did not stop there as well as focus there. What we discussed during our talk was the content of the info contained in and with the photo, i.e., the metadata. She was required to show location information off on the photos she posted so that no you could track her or map her from the GPS data that’s attached to many smartphone photos.
Before we continue with the lesson I had with my daughter, I do want to take the time and explain WHY it is essential to turn location services off for the camera app or remove location data from photos before children post them. (I do NOT recommend turning all location services off in your child’s device as they are very handy for other things like locating your son or daughter, or finding a device they lost… but that will be covered in future articles… )
Every photo that is taken by each device containing both a camera and a GPS attach location data to the photo. Most photo library programs, like Photos for Mac, Adobe Lightroom, and Google Photos have a simple toggle feature to switch off location data in the photos. Also, since I had this chat with my girl, many services and apps including Instagram, Facebook and Twitter have changed their product to automatically strip out location data until you upload to a certain mapping feature in the service (in Instagram that is’Photo Map’). The danger with GPS tagging children’s photos is that it causes it to be very easy for anyone who wants to, and has access to those photos to construct a map of the region the children tend to be in. It can quickly show patterns of travel, behavior, and even with a small amount of work, provide a reasonably accurate map of a college, or home, including layouts of rooms and furniture. If you believe for a minute what a less than reputable person could do with such data, say for instance a map of the road your youngster walks home, a map of the interior of your property including obstacles, security and household members, and pets. Add compared to that data the relative times that the child is in each of those locations and it becomes a serious security risk for folks and a real danger to children. I’m not an expert on this subject, and I am not paranoid, but it was a huge enough concern for me that I discussed it with my children and took some simple steps, like educating my kids to the potential issue and helping them sanitize the connected data on their photos. If you’d like more info regarding this topic, just Google’Children location data photos’and click on a number of the more reputable sites. It’s been well included in many news organizations like ABC News, the New York Times and the Washington Post. They did a much better and more thorough job dissecting it than I could so I will leave it at that. Back again to the lesson.
After we’d arrived at an understanding with location data and the dangers of it, and she was thinking about higher than a duck-face or her makeup in the photo, we proceeded to step two.
We talked about what data was in the foreground and background and was it safe to share. With this the main lesson, I took my smart-phone and within the span of several days staged many photos, some completely sanitized for the internet and some that had hidden data in the photo. I made a quiz for her (which she thought was stupid..) and she took it, identifying which photos were safe to create and that have been not. Some of the photos that I staged were shots of flower arrangements up for grabs or counter, but with prescription bottles from the household pet in the backdrop behind the subject. Some were photos of games or children playing, but with other uninvolved people reflected in mirrors and other surfaces innocuously in the edges of the shot. I took candid photos of family members that have been completely harmless, but some that have been significantly less than flattering or embarrassing. I shot cityscapes that contained candid photos of strangers. One was a photo of a beautifully plated meal, but with a package showing our mailing address off on the side. I included photos of our home from an angle that you could see the address in the background, images of her brothers but using their school in the backdrop, photos that included her mother’s license plate barely visible at the medial side of the photo. Anything I could think of that could be used to track, locate, stalk or else make certainly one of us or somebody else feel violated, uncomfortable or self-conscious. I mixed these in with similar photos which were completely sanitary. After I had amassed a volume of photos, I put together a little slideshow with a corresponding quiz book so that she could answer questions and make comments on each photo if it were acceptable, if not, why and any thoughts she’d regarding them. When she took the quiz, I was amazed at how near my thinking on each item she already was. I was expecting her as an impetuous tween girl to just post pictures without thinking about any content or any consequences, but even before I explained my thinking and rules to her, she was already way before where I thought she would be. There were some items that she missed, some things she hadn’t considered, but also for the most part, she could have been quite fine without my help. That is one place where as a father, I often expect my children to be helpless and completely ill equipped. Maybe I don’t trust them around I will, or maybe I still see them as helpless little toddlers, but I would more regularly realize that I have done a great job preparing them forever and they are very smart in their particular right. I often need certainly to remind myself that the explanation for all this care and thoughtful training is in order that they are prepared to take care of life on their own… I digress… After she had finished with the slides and worksheet, we went over them one by one. I made a place of not being negative, not beating her up over the people she missed. Instead, I made those the starting point of the conversation, emphasizing WHY they certainly were not approved, how there have been elements inside them that seemed innocuous and how those activities made the photo seem safe to publish, but the thing that was present that manufactured in questionable. Two great and important things originated in this. First, I realized that she had been paying very close awareness of the facts and that gave me a lot of faith and confidence to let her have the app and be free on earth with it. Second, it showed her exactly what our expectations were in order that she could more easily meet them.
This brings me to an area topic that I will not stray past an acceptable limit onto but needs mentioning. In raising my children, more regularly than not, if they do something I don’t approve of, it is just as much a failure of mine to properly convey my expectations as it is them wanting to’get away with something.’ A lot of the stress factors between us and our kids can be attributed normally to bad communication as to bad behavior. More times than not my children are trying as much as I am to keep life easy and happy. For probably the most part, they wish to please us and make us happy. They thrive on praise and wilt when criticized. With this in your mind, back to the lesson…
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When she and I sat down and discussed the ideas of safety and privacy, of respecting ourselves and the people around us in a positive way it had been quite simple to agree with some use standards and to see that we both wanted the same things. I was reassured that she would have been a responsible Instagram citizen and she was more aware of some possible dangers she had previously not considered and was reminded of best privacy and security practices on the general public internet. Now what should go next is “and most of us Instagrammed happily ever after..” This is simply not the case. While we did have a pleased continuing, (we still use Instagram, so we aren’t to the finish yet) there clearly was a very important factor I hadn’t looked at that quickly arrived to play.
As a parent, we are able to only react to the stimuli available to us at the time of the response. We are able to anticipate many things, but on earth of the net, of computers and devices and an ever changing landscape of social interaction via the internet, we never know what will be next. In the event of Instagram, only some weeks after our lesson and my approval of her use, Instagram made what I look at a core change. They truly became the full social platform, with friends, and likes and invites and comments and a complete world of interaction that frankly scared the heck out of me. That is where I learned my hardest lesson of the app store. As soon as you allow a software, you’ve NO WAY to bring it back away. Keep this in mind moving forward. I touched with this back in an early on article when I mentioned allowing apps for just one child on the family share. While allowing these apps is solely at your discretion, taking them back away is extremely difficult, I’ll dive deeper into this in a later article.
I am mentioning this for two reasons. First, I am NOT perfect. I’m writing all of this down in case a few of it helps or inspires you, not to exhibit you a perfect plan. There’s no perfect plan. I walked down this path with deep thought, conviction, education, and research, and I walked directly into this wall. So do you want to, hopefully not this one, hopefully, I have helped you avoid this one, but there would have been a wall, somewhere, and you will bang your nose when you walk straight into it. Second, I learned through this that everything would be OK. I was back-doored by an application and my thoughtful prized parenting was thrown wide open and the world didn’t end. My daughter is a champ. I taught her well and she was equipped and prepared. Even in an alternative environment than I approved and prepared her for, she was a pro. Did she have issues with things online? Yes, she did. Made it happen ruin it on her behalf or damage her? Not at all. When she’d an overly amorous follower, she dealt with it. At one point she even canceled her account and started another one to ensure that she would have a do-over and have more control of the people she interacted with. Because I have been upfront about my concern and her safety, and I have been positive and not condemning, she was upfront with me and never hesitated to talk about options, ask questions and get my input when she did feel like she needed it. The bottom line is, because I trained her to be and then encouraged her to be, she has become a trustworthy and responsible citizen of the internet.
We’ve find out about, discovered, and applied emotional intelligence in many different ways since Daniel Goleman first popularized it in 1995.
Wikipedia defines emotional intelligence as: “the capacity of individuals to acknowledge their own and other people’s emotions, discern between different feelings and label them appropriately, use emotional information to steer thinking and behavior, and manage and/or adjust emotions to conform to environments or achieve one’s goals.”
Regardless of the model (and you can find several), whenever we think about emotional intelligence we view it as an optimistic mixture of skills and characteristics.
But what if “the ability of individuals to recognize… other people’s emotions” can likewise have negative consequences?
Theresa Edwards, in an article titled: Empathy vs. Sympathy: What’s the Difference explains that “to empathize with someone would be to assume their feelings upon yourself and allow yourself to feel what they feel.”
In the informal experiment I’m going to describe, you will dsicover that empathy got in the way of the participants’success.
Simply one of many experiment, Luma Al Halah showed a brief video of a man who ultimately ends up sobbing. She then gave the participants a worksheet that had the numbers 1 through 20 placed randomly on the page. They got one minute to obtain the numbers in order and complete the worksheet.
In part two of the experiment, Luma showed a quick video with a man who was hysterically funny. She gave exactly the same assignment that she’d given simply one. The participants had to perform a different worksheet with the numbers 1 through 20 placed randomly on the page. Again, they got one minute to find the numbers in order.
Without a sense of empathy with the sobbing man, there could have been no difference in the success rates of the participants in both parts of the experiment.
However, there was a marked difference in the participants’ability to perform the worksheets. After watching the sad video, the participants had a much harder time placing the numbers in order- so much to ensure that most of them were not able to complete their worksheets in the time allowed.
After watching the funny video, the participants had an easier time placing the numbers in order- and a lot of them could complete their worksheets in the full time allowed.
The participants’empathy for the sobbing man left them with sad feelings. The results of the experiment showed that we find tasks much harder to do whenever we are sad.
This does not imply that empathy is bad and should really be avoided. This experiment simply illustrates that emotions, whether happy or sad, really can affect our performance (or situational intelligence).