The objective of this informative article is to place forward some ideas to simply help with the teaching of addition.
Combining categories of physical objects: for many students, this is their simplest experience of adding up. This method normally involves collecting two sets of objects, then counting exactly how many objects there are in total. (For example, by building two towers of cubes, and then counting up every single block.) For several, this method may be too involved, particularly for those students who present attention deficit disorder. If the kid cannot hold their attention for the entire of the activity, blocks will undoubtedly be put awry, towers can become with additional blocks, blocks are certain to get confused, and at the end, the wrong answer is arrived at. The length of the process means that if your son or daughter does not master the idea quickly, they are improbable to make progress at all. In addition, it is difficult to give this process in to a calculation that can be approached mentally: for example, try to imagine two large sets of objects in your face, and then count them up. Even for adults, this really is nearly impossible.
Simple drawings: jottings certainly are a more useful option to the process described above. Write out the addition problem on a sheet of paper, and next to the very first number, make note of the correct quantity of tallies (for instance, for the quantity 4, draw 4 tallies). Ask your student to predict how many tallies you will need to draw by the other number in the problem. Once they come to the proper answer, inquire further to draw the tallies. To finish with, ask exactly how many tallies they’ve drawn altogether. This process is a much easier way of bringing together 2 groups, is less probably be subject to mechanical error, and is better worthy of students with poor focus. In addition it encourages the kid to associate between what the written sum actually says, and why they’re drawing a specific number of tallies.
Counting on: this can be a technique based around your student’s capacity to state number names. When your child has reached a phase where they learn how to count to five, start asking them questions like, “what number is 1 more than… ” (eg. what employs 2 when we count?) This is really comparable to answering an addition problem of the type 2+1, but helps for connecting the ideas of counting and addition, which will be very powerful. This technique gets your student ready to utilize number squares and gives them the confidence to answer problems inside their mind. The strategy can be made more difficult, by asking, “what number is 2 more than… ” As soon as your child can confidently respond to such problems aloud, show them the question written down, and explain that this is exactly like the problem you had been doing before. This can help the child to see addition and counting as fundamentally related, and that new problem is clearly something they have met before.
Playing board games: this activity could be both a mathematical learning experience in addition to a pleasing pastime. Games that want a table to be moved around a board do too much to encourage children to count on. If the board has numbers on it, the child has the capacity to see that the action is similar to counting out numbers aloud, or utilizing a number line. Produce a point of remembering to draw focus on the partnership between using games and addition.
Learning number facts: usually, we count on number facts learnt by heart to greatly help us answer addition problems. In a nutshell, we do not have to determine the clear answer to 7 and 10, we simply remember it. Having the ability to recall addition facts allows us to tackle simple maths tasks confidently. Enhance your student’s familiarity with known number bonds by singing nursery songs that tell stories of number. Take part in the game of matching pairs with the student, where the purpose of the overall game is identify the location of the question (for instance, 7+8) and the corresponding answer from a couple of cards all turned face down. Create some flashcards with simple addition facts written to them, go through the cards one at any given time, and ask the student for the answer, giving much of applause when they offer the best answer. When they’re confident, expand how many facts. Games will prevent your son or daughter perceiving addition as dull, and will build confidence.
Addition printables and worksheets: Practise makes perfect – and the right style of practice also lends more confidence. By utilizing simple worksheets, aimed towards your student’s ability and attention span, you can significantly improve your child’s ability with addition, both orally and written down. There are lots of free websites offering worksheets that assistance with the teaching of adding up, but it will matter what adding up worksheets you use. Make sure that the worksheets are directed at the best level, being neither too hard nor too easy, and are of the correct length to steadfastly keep up the student’s interest. You should be attempting presenting questions that foster their recollection of number facts, and also a scattering of sums involving some calculation. On the occasions that the student is successful, use the opportunity to offer them lots of praise; if they make a mistake, don’t appear frustrated, but briefly explain their mistake. Using adding up worksheets in a considered way can definitely boost your student’s ability.
My children have been digitally active, and as I look back over the years, one of the finest choices I made was to exhibit my children from the beginning the dangers of over-sharing. I remember when my daughter asked me for Instagram and after it passed the app test. (it was NOT a cultural site in the past, but we may discuss that in a different article) Before I let her run wild with it, taking and posting photos to the internet for all the world to see, I did so two things and made a short training lesson for her. Here is what I did so and why.
The very first thing I did so was to have a conversation with her about WHY she wanted it. At the time it absolutely was just a repository for photos. You will make an account, choose who’d usage of your account and then upload photos to the account. People who were allowed access could browse your photos, maybe comment on them. It had been a simpler time. Anyways, in this conversation, she relayed if you ask me several well thought-out, valid reasoned explanations why a healthy happy teen girl might want to share photos, and so we proceeded to go over what was appropriate to share. Now we all obviously know what comes in your thoughts first when someone mentions a young adult girl posting photos on the Internet, and frankly, I haven’t had a problem with her being provocative or scandalous, so although our conversation hit that topic, it did not stop there or even focus there. What we discussed during our talk was this content of the data found in and with the photo, i.e., the metadata. She was required to turn location information off on the photos she posted so that no you can track her or map her from the GPS data that is attached to the majority of smartphone photos.
Before we continue with the lesson I’d with my daughter, I do want to set aside a second and explain WHY it is very important to turn location services off for the camera app or remove location data from photos before children post them. (I do NOT recommend turning all location services off in your child’s device because they are very handy for other things such as locating your son or daughter, or finding a device they lost… but that’ll be covered in future articles… )
Every photo that is taken by each device containing both a camera and a GPS attach location data to the photo. Most photo library programs, like Photos for Mac, Adobe Lightroom, and Google Photos have a straightforward toggle feature to turn fully off location data in the photos. Also, since I had this chat with my girl, many services and apps including Instagram, Facebook and Twitter have changed their product to automatically strip out location data unless you upload to a certain mapping feature in the service (in Instagram that’s’Photo Map’). The danger with GPS tagging children’s photos is that it makes it quite simple for everyone who would like to, and has use of those photos to build a chart of the region the kids tend to be in. It can quickly show patterns of travel, behavior, and despite having a little bit of work, provide a fairly accurate map of a school, or home, including layouts of rooms and furniture. If you believe for a minute what a significantly less than reputable person could do with such data, say as an example a chart of the trail your child walks home, a chart of the within of your house including obstacles, security and household members, and pets. Add to that particular data the relative times that the kid is in each of the locations and it becomes a serious security risk for folks and a real danger to children. I’m not an expert on this subject, and I’m not paranoid, but it absolutely was a huge enough concern for me personally that I discussed it with my children and took some simple steps, like educating my kids to the potential issue and helping them sanitize the connected data on their photos. If you want more details regarding this topic, just Google’Children location data photos’and click some of the more reputable sites. This has been well covered by many news organizations like ABC News, the New York Times and the Washington Post. They did a much better and more thorough job dissecting it than I can so I will leave it at that. Back to the lesson.
After we’d arrived at an awareness with location data and the dangers of it, and she was contemplating higher than a duck-face or her makeup in the photo, we proceeded to step two.
We talked about what data was in the foreground and background and was it safe to share. Because of this part of the lesson, I took my smart-phone and within the span of several days staged many photos, some completely sanitized for the web and some that had hidden data in the photo. I made a quiz on her (which she thought was stupid..) and she took it, identifying which photos were safe to publish and of not. Some of the photos that I staged were shots of flower arrangements available or counter, but with prescription bottles from the family pet in the back ground behind the subject. Some were photos of games or children playing, but with other uninvolved people reflected in mirrors and other surfaces innocuously in the edges of the shot. I took candid photos of family members that were completely harmless, however many that have been less than flattering or embarrassing. I shot cityscapes that contained candid photos of strangers. One was an image of a beautifully plated meal, but with a package showing our mailing address off on the side. I included photos of our home from an angle that you may begin to see the address in the back ground, images of her brothers but making use of their school in the back ground, photos that included her mother’s license plate barely visible at the side of the photo. Anything I could consider that would be used to track, locate, stalk or elsewhere make certainly one of us or another person feel violated, uncomfortable or self-conscious. I mixed these in with similar photos that have been completely sanitary. After I’d amassed a volume of photos, I put together a little slideshow with a corresponding quiz book so that she could answer questions and make comments on each photo if it were acceptable, or even, why and any thoughts she had regarding them. When she took the quiz, I was amazed at how near my thinking on each item she already was. I was expecting her as an impetuous tween girl to just post pictures without thinking about any content or any consequences, but even before I explained my thinking and rules to her, she was already way in front of where I believed she would be. There have been some items that she missed, some things she hadn’t thought of, however for the most part, she could have been quite fine without my help. This is one place where as a father, I often expect my children to be helpless and completely ill equipped. Maybe I don’t trust them around I should, or perhaps I still see them as helpless little toddlers, but I ought to more regularly recognize that I have inked a great job preparing them forever and they are very smart in their own right. I often need certainly to remind myself that the reason for all this care and thoughtful training is so they are prepared to take care of life on the own… I digress… After she’d finished with the slides and worksheet, we went over them one by one. I made a place of not being negative, not beating her up over those she missed. Instead, I made those the starting place of the conversation, concentrating on WHY they certainly were not approved, how there were elements inside them that seemed innocuous and how those things made the photo seem safe to create, but what was present that manufactured in questionable. Two great and essential things originated from this. First, I seen that she was already paying very close attention to the details and that gave me plenty of faith and confidence to let her have the app and be free on the planet with it. Second, it showed her precisely what our expectations were in order that she could more easily meet them.
This brings me to an area topic that I will not stray past an acceptable limit onto but needs mentioning. In raising my children, more often than not, once they take action I don’t approve of, it’s just as much a failure of mine to properly convey my expectations because it is them attempting to’get away with something.’ All the stress factors between us and our kids may be attributed as frequently to bad communication as to bad behavior. More times than not my students are trying around I am to keep life easy and happy. For the absolute most part, they want to please us and make us happy. They thrive on praise and wilt when criticized. With this particular at heart, back to the lesson…
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When she and I sat down and discussed the ideas of safety and privacy, of respecting ourselves and the people around us in an optimistic way it was very easy to agree on some use standards and to see that individuals both wanted the same things. I was reassured that she would be a responsible Instagram citizen and she was more conscious of some possible dangers she had previously not thought of and was reminded of best privacy and security practices on the public internet. Now what should go next is “and we all Instagrammed happily ever after..” This is simply not the case. While we did have a pleased continuing, (we still use Instagram, so we aren’t to the end yet) there clearly was a very important factor I hadn’t thought of that quickly arrived to play.
As a parent, we could only respond to the stimuli offered to us at the time of the response. We could anticipate several things, but on earth of the net, of computers and devices and an ever changing landscape of social interaction via the net, we never know what will be next. In the event of Instagram, only some weeks after our lesson and my approval of her use, Instagram made what I look at a core change. They truly became a full social platform, with friends, and likes and invites and comments and a complete world of interaction that frankly scared the heck out of me. This really is where I learned my hardest lesson of the app store. Once you allow a software, you have NO WAY to bring it back away. Keep this at heart moving forward. I touched with this in an earlier article when I mentioned allowing apps for one child on the household share. While allowing these apps is solely at your discretion, taking them back away is almost impossible, I will dive deeper into this in a later article.
I am mentioning this for 2 reasons. First, I am NOT perfect. I’m writing all this down in the event a few of it helps or inspires you, not showing you a perfect plan. There’s no perfect plan. I walked down this path with deep thought, conviction, education, and research, and I walked right into this wall. So do you want to, hopefully not this 1, hopefully, I have helped you avoid this one, but there would have been a wall, somewhere, and you will bang your nose when you walk straight into it. Second, I learned through this that everything would be OK. I was back-doored by an app and my thoughtful prized parenting was thrown available and the planet didn’t end. My daughter is really a champ. I taught her well and she was equipped and prepared. Even yet in an alternative environment than I approved and prepared her for, she was a pro. Did she have issues with things online? Yes, she did. Made it happen ruin it on her behalf or damage her? Not at all. When she had an overly amorous follower, she dealt with it. At one time she even canceled her account and started a different one to ensure that she might have a do-over and have more control of the folks she interacted with. Because I have been upfront about my concern and her safety, and I have been positive and not condemning, she was upfront with me and never hesitated to talk about options, ask questions and get my input when she did feel like she needed it. In summary, because I trained her to be and then encouraged her to be, she is now a trustworthy and responsible citizen of the internet.
We’ve find out about, discovered, and applied emotional intelligence in a number of ways since Daniel Goleman first popularized it in 1995.
Wikipedia defines emotional intelligence as: “the capability of people to acknowledge their very own and other people’s emotions, discern between different feelings and label them appropriately, use emotional information to guide thinking and behavior, and manage and/or adjust emotions to adjust to environments or achieve one’s goals.”
Whatever the model (and there are several), once we consider emotional intelligence we see it as a confident mixture of skills and characteristics.
But imagine if “the capability of an individual to recognize… other people’s emotions” can also provide negative consequences?
Theresa Edwards, in articles titled: Empathy vs. Sympathy: What’s the Difference explains that “to empathize with someone is always to assume their feelings upon yourself and allow you to ultimately feel what they feel.”
In the informal experiment I’m going to describe, you might find that empathy got in how of the participants’success.
In part one of the experiment, Luma Al Halah showed a short video of a man who ultimately ends up sobbing. She then gave the participants a worksheet that had the numbers 1 through 20 placed randomly on the page. They were given one minute to find the numbers in order and complete the worksheet.
Partly two of the experiment, Luma showed a quick video with a man who was simply hysterically funny. She gave exactly the same assignment that she’d given simply one. The participants had to perform a different worksheet with the numbers 1 through 20 placed randomly on the page. Again, they received 1 minute to find the numbers in order.
With out a sense of empathy with the sobbing man, there could have been no difference in the success rates of the participants in both parts of the experiment.
However, there was a marked difference in the participants’ability to perform the worksheets. After watching the sad video, the participants had a much harder time placing the numbers in order- so much to ensure that many of them were unable to accomplish their worksheets in the full time allowed.
After watching the funny video, the participants had a much easier time placing the numbers in order- and most of them were able to complete their worksheets in the full time allowed.
The participants’empathy for the sobbing man left them with sad feelings. The results of the experiment showed that people find tasks much harder to accomplish once we are sad.
This does not imply that empathy is bad and should be avoided. This experiment simply illustrates that emotions, whether happy or sad, can definitely affect our performance (or situational intelligence).